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Type approved equipment for consumer safety says NCC - ITREALMS

ITREALMS : The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has stressed the importance of type approved telecoms equipment, saying is for ...

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ICT4D Week 2018

Friday, November 16, 2018

Type approved equipment for consumer safety says NCC - ITREALMS

The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has stressed the importance of type approved telecoms equipment, saying is for the safety of users and acceptable quality of service, reports ITREALMS.

Speaking at the second meeting of Type Approval Industry Working Group (TAIWG) in Lagos, Thursday, NCC through the Head of Technical Standards and Network Integrity, Engineer Bako Wakil, assured stakeholders of their safety as far as the working group and the Commission are concerned.

Wakil who made a presentation on “Implementing Voice over LTE Complaint Devices in Nigeria Telecommunications Ecosystem" said the meeting was part of the mandate provided for by the Nigerian Communications Act 2003 (NCA 2003) to ensure type approval of telecoms equipment.

“The Type Approval Working Group meeting was setup in September 2018 to educate and deliberate with relevant stakeholders in the industry on the importance of Type Approval on all Telecom equipment and how it impacts Quality of Service and health of users,” he said.

He also stated that NCC usually silent on types of technologies that licensees deploy to provide their services to consumers once there are no negative socio-economic impacts, and called on them to regularize their services.

Pointing out that Long Time Evolution (LTE) for instance, is a technology just like other technologies and there are challenges in LTE device market.

Some of these, he listed to include “Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) Repair centres and clear warranty agreements; Assessment of Mobile Device impact on IoS and WoE; Multiband LTE devices are usually more expensive; and there are many multi frequency bands for LTE Devices in the world when compared to 2G and 3G devices.”

The Working Group Meeting was well attended by representatives of Equipment Manufacturers, Vendors, Network Operators and Type Approval Consultants.

Chuks Egbune/GEE

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Pix: From left Engr. Edoyemi Ogah, Head, Quality of Service; Engr. Chukwuma Nwaiwu, Head, Wireless Networks; Engr. Bako Wakil, Head, Technical Standards and Network Integrity; Engr. S. Jumbo, Deputy Director, Spectrum Administration and Engr. Anthony Ikemefuna, Head, Fixed Networks and Converged Services.

Helping poor women grow their businesses with mobile savings, training, and something more?

Growing a business is not easy, and for women firm owners the challenges can be acute, especially when they are poor and run subsistence level firms. In developing countries, 22 percent of women discontinue their established businesses due to a lack of funds, and women are more likely than men to report exiting their businesses over finance problems, according to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. 

Meanwhile, personal savings are a crucial source of entrepreneurial financing, and nearly 95 percent of entrepreneurs globally state that they used their own funds to start or scale up their businesses. Women, however, face unique constraints in accumulating savings to invest in growing their firms.
Women entrepreneurs are highly underserved by traditional financial institutions. They are often deterred from accessing traditional saving accounts by high transaction costs and implicit or explicit biases against female customers. In turn, they are sidelined to informal, less secure saving channels, such as cash savings, which they may divert to other uses because they face higher family and social pressures than men to share their cash. If women do accrue some savings despite these obstacles, another challenge to firm profitability and growth can be gaining the necessary business skills and financial literacy to scale their businesses.

Two recent randomized control trials (RCTs), one in Tanzania, the other in Indonesia, tested the impact of two interventions—separately and together—to address these constraints: a mobile savings promotion program to increase women’s access to and use of mobile savings accounts, and a business training program to improve financial literacy and good business practices.

In Tanzania, the savings intervention focused on easing demand-side constraints in women’s access to mobile savings products. It involved a training session for women microentrepreneurs on M-Pawa, a mobile savings account linked to M-Pesa that also gives customers access to microloans. Participants in the training created mobile savings accounts, set savings goals, and set up weekly SMS reminders to save. The business training intervention, designed by TechnoServe, offered 12 weeks of weekly group sessions that taught women standard good business practices, how to mobilize finance, the importance of personal effectiveness and perseverance, and the benefits of gender equality in society. An interactive mobile phone learning platform complemented the training.

In Indonesia, the savings intervention took a different approach, targeting supply-side constraints preventing women’s access to mobile savings accounts. It provided local bank agents with either ‘high’ or ‘low’ financial incentives for signing up new customers and trained all agents on the mobile savings product and the importance of targeting female customers. The business training intervention, designed and implemented by Mercy Corps Indonesia, provided female entrepreneurs with an average 3-hour session on financial literacy and mobile savings, complemented by three group mentoring sessions to reinforce the training.

The studies found that in both Tanzania and Indonesia the promotion of mobile savings worked (women increased uptake of mobile savings significantly) and, when combined with business training, had significant impacts on intermediate business and individual outcomes. In Tanzania, women who participated in the mobile savings intervention saved double using M-Pawa, were 14 percentage points more likely to receive a mobile loan, were 4 percentage points more likely to grow their business activities by operating a second business, and reported an increase in their household decision-making power, compared to the control group. Meanwhile, women who received mobile savings promotion and business training saved almost four times more on M-Pawa and were 16 percentage points more likely to obtain a loan compared to the control group. In addition, they increased their good business practices by six percentage points, worked two hours more a week, and increased their capital investments by 23 percent, compared to the women in the mobile savings intervention alone. These effects were observed 15 months after the training ended. Notably, the Tanzania results showed that women’s total savings balances did not actually increase, but rather, firm owners appeared to have shifted savings and loans from other sources (such as cash savings) to the more secure mobile platform.

In Indonesia, women served by high-incentive agents promoting mobile savings increased their total savings by seven percent, whereas women receiving business training increased their total savings by 11 percent, compared to the control group of women served by an agent promoting mobile savings under low incentives—although neither of these increases was statistically significant. Women in both interventions independently also increased their household assets significantly --by 24 percent for women in the high incentive agent group and 20 percent for women in the business training group. Women served by better paid bank agents and receiving training and mentoring increased their total savings significantly by 24 percent, increased their mobile savings balance by a statistically significant four percentage points, and reported being significantly more empowered in household decision-making. For a majority of the women these effects were observed a month or less after the last mentoring session, and, in this short-term interval neither intervention (independently or combined) influenced women’s business outcomes. The question remains of whether women’s increased savings will be invested in their businesses in the long run.

Together, these studies illustrate how easing supply-side constraints, by directly promoting mobile savings and by having more highly motivated, better paid agents do this promotion, contribute to boosting women’s mobile savings, and how easing demand-side constraints through business and financial literacy training can further amplify these effects on savings. The evidence also suggests that savings and mobile savings increase women’s household decision-making power. Yet, these intermediate effects are still not enough to increase women’s firm profitability and business performance in the short run. Is it only a question of time, and further accumulation of capital from savings (and loans) will trigger this business growth? Alternatively, are there additional constraints in the business environment where these women-owned firms operate that only more capital-intensive interventions will help overcome? Follow-up surveys in Tanzania and Indonesia should provide additional insights on these questions.



Contributed BY MAYRA BUVINIC, and co-authors: JOAO MONTALVAO, AMY COPLEY

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Thursday, November 15, 2018

BREAKING NEWS: Police seals Anambra House of Assembly Complex - ITREALMS


The Anambra State Police Command, has sealed the premises of the Anambra State House of Assembly complex in Awka, capital of the state, reports ITREALMS.
ITREALMS recalls that the Speaker of the Anambra State House of Assembly, Hon. Rita Maduagwu, was reportedly impeached in what industry watchers described as a minority drama on late Tuesday afternoon.

Report also has it that she was allegedly impeached by 20 of the 30 members of the House on Tuesday with a motion moved by Ikem Uzozie, member representing Aguata II constituency, and seconded by Onyebuchi Offor of Ekwusigo Constituency. Following which, Mr. Uzozie claimed he was appointed the new speaker of the house.

But reacting Wednesday, the embattled speaker, Hon. Maduagwu said the claim was false as those seeking her impeachment lack the majority which is two-third of members to remove her or governor of the state.

She, however, took control on Thursday by holding a session with a reportedly 11-man member and subsequently invited the Police to seal the premises.

However, confirming this in a press statement late Thursday, the Commissioner of Police, Anambra State Command, through the Police Public Relations Officer, SP Haruna Mohammed informed ITREALMS that this has become necessary due to breach of public peace, Thursday.

In a notice of the seal made available to ITREALMS, the Police claimed the leadership of the Assembly invited them to take over, seal off and secure the entire premises.

This, Haruna said, was contained in a letter addressed to the Commission of Police with effect from 6pm Thursday, November 15, 2018.

Although the Police did not reveal which of the leadership being referred here, but explained this measure was proactive to avert possible breakdown of law and order in the Assembly.

"The Command implores members of the Public to stay away from the House of Assembly premises till further notice. Civil servants working at the Assembly Complex are advised to report at the office of the Head of Service for further directives," he said.

Further, Haruna said the Command solicits the co-operation of Ndi Anambra in this regard and assures all citizens and residents of its determination to provide adequate security in the State,

Ozo Nweke Ozo/GEE

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Pix: IGP Idris

Nigerian wins WhatsApp misinformation grant - ITREALMS

WhatsApp has awarded a Nigerian and 19 others the sum of $1 million on research grants to for the purpose of studying misinformation and its impact on society, reports ITREALMS.

As said by WhatsApp, fake news, calls for violence, election-related propaganda and other topics come under the different proposals for which the grants were given.

ITREALMS reports, that the goal of the research award is to facilitate high quality, external research on a wide range of topics by academics and experts who are in the countries where WhatsApp is frequently used and where there is limited research on the topic.

Tagged ‘WhatsApp Misinformation and Social Science Research Awards’, approximately 600 proposals were submitted and reviewed with the awardees representing the highest quality projects across several relevant research areas. WhatsApp awarded 20 grants up to $50,000 each to researchers in several countries including Nigeria, Brazil, India, Indonesia, Israel, Mexico, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom, and United States.

Among the winning projects is the research topic; ‘The use and abuse of WhatsApp in an African election: Nigeria 2019’, an international collaboration put together by Jonathan Fisher (University of Birmingham), Idayat Hassan (Centre for Democracy and Development, Abuja), Jamie Hitchen (AREA Consulting) as well as Nic Cheeseman (University of Birmingham).

The study employs multi-method social science research instruments including in-country interviews, focus groups and surveys to explore how WhatsApp is used by political candidates, and their campaigns and supporters to tailor messages to key audiences during elections.

The research will focus on two gubernatorial elections in the upcoming 2019 Nigerian polls – those of Kano (northern Nigeria) and Oyo (southern Nigeria).

Nenye Dom/GEE

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Infographic News: MDAs FOI Compliance Level (2011-2017)

ITREALMS:
Remmy Nweke/ED, Ops

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Why we celebrate Chinua Achebe annually – Izunna Okafor

MidWeekChat@ITREALMS:
Izunna Okafor, a multiple award winning author, is the National Secretary of the Society of Young Nigerian Writers (SYNW) and the Anambra Coordinator which organizes the annual Day Celebration. In this interview with Iwindoyin Opelegbemi, for ITREALMS, the literary enthusiast speaks on the forthcoming edition of the celebration of the literary exploits of the late Prof. Chinua Achebe, Igbo Culture, as well as promotion of his works after his demise. Excerpts:

ITREALMS: This year’s edition of the Chinua Achebe Day will be coming up this Friday, how prepared are you now for the event?

Ehm, I can say we are getting ready. I and my team have been working harder to put things in order. You know the event is multi-facet. It involves several things, which include: lectures in memory of Achebe, dramatizing of Achebe’s selected books, recitation/­presentation of poems and other literary works written in the memory of Achebe, essay writing competition based on Achebe’s works and life (for all participating secondary schools), open microphone, spoken word poetry, unveiling and launching of the third Achebe Poetry/Essay Anthology, dancing, entertainment among other literary packages slated for the day. So in planning each of these activities, I can say we have recorded a gargantuan measure of success. Our guests speakers, the students and our participants have already been served with reminders. We have received free copies of books donated by some young writers in Anambra State, to be distributed to students that day at the event. So we are moving forward and getting ready for that day, despite the financial constraints, which attempt to impede the preparation. Surely, we are getting ready, and we believe it will all end in praises.
ITREALMS: The forthcoming event will be the 3rd edition, have you been able to achieve your objectives of coming up with the Chinua Achebe Day in the last 3 years?

Thank you for the question. We have several defined objectives we intend to achieve through this event, but there are basically six that are cynosural. They are:

1. To remember, honour and celebrate the great literary crackerjack -- Achebe (who made us proud, died since March 21st March 2013, and seems to have been forgotten just like a fow, with no single monument in his name).

2. To annually produce and publish potry/essay anthology in memory of Late Prof. Chinua Achebe, through calling for and securing of quality poems/essays from writers across the world. All written in memory of Achebe.

3. To use Achebe’s life and personality as ideal, to raise new amazing writers of our own present time.

4. To promote, encourage and reward creative writing and reading culture among our youths and students.

5. To discover and harness the hidden amazing talents among our young ones, in the creative field.

6. To present writers and readers (intellectuals) as the elixirs to the country's ailments, and so on.

Looking at all these, I can say we have drawn near to some, some have been achieved, while some are in fact, continual in nature. We have been celebrating Achebe since 2016, we have published two anthologies in his memory, and the third one will be unveiled in this third edition of the event coming up on 16th November, and so many other achievements that have been recorded. We also hope that in no distant time, with the dust raised by this event, a gigantic structure or more will also sprout, apologizing for coming late, and introducing itself to the entire world as having been sent on a mission to immortalize Achebe.
ITREALMS: How will you access the promotion of Achebe’s books through the Chinua Achebe event?

Achebe’s works generally as a writer have referentially been a talk of the moment in each edition of this literary festival, especially with respect to what is currently obtainable in our country today. That was why I said earlier that we one of our pursuits in this event is to present writers and readers (intellectuals) as the elixirs to the country's ailments. So through the event, we have not only been promoting Achebe, his works have also been a focus of attention.

4. Apart from the event, in what other ways have you been promoting Chinua Achebe?

As a forum that unites young writers, we do have monthly reading, and Achebe’s works and writing style have also been the most used standard in each of our analysis. Aside these, we have also been in the forefront on the call to immortalize Achebe. In fact, I can say that we are Achebe’s apologists in all ramifications, even outside the literary bracket.
ITREALMS:

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Facebook unveils powerful tools, resources for Africans - ITREALMS

FacebookAfrica has unveiled powerful new tools and resources to help youth, professionals and entrepreneurs in South Africa to access new career opportunities, reports ITREALMS.

This, ITREALMS gathered to include the new Learn with Facebook career development site, an enhanced Mentorship tool, and an improved jobs on Facebook product.

"Together with partners such as CcHub, Livity, She Leads Africa and Digify Africa, we are training thousands of people in Africa with the digital skills they need to compete in the modern workplace," a public statement made available to ITREALMS.

With the updated career resources, "we are furthering our commitment to training business owners across Africa, and helping people access new career opportunities."

Nenye Dom/GEE

#FacebookAfrica #Mentorship #Digitaltraining

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Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Nigerians urged to own FOI Act 2011 - ITREALMS

Nigerians have been urged to own the Freedom of Information (FOI) Act signed into law since 2011, says the chairman, board of Freedom of Information Coalition, Nigeria (FOICN), Dr. Chike Walter Duru, reports ITREALMS.

He spoke at a two-day Capacity Building Roundtable on the Provisions and Use of the Freedom of Information Act 2011, at Genesis Hotel, Ikeja, Lagos, as part of the European Union (EU) funded Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption (ROLAC) programme with representatives of non-state actors including Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), the Media, private Legal practitioners and mainstream Civil Society actors in the state.

Dwelling on “Freedom of Information Act: An Overview,” Dr. Duru said that FOI as a citizen-driven law should be accepted with two hands by Nigerians and run with it.

According to him until citizens decide the FOI Act will work, only then will it work.

He implore Nigerians who feel strongly about positive change in the country to explore the FOI Act, as it has all it takes to enthrone transparency, accountability and development the country so much desire.

“The only way to make FOI work is for citizens to explore it and ask questions,” he declared.

Duru, who also the Head, Department of Mass Communication, Madonna University, Okija Campus, Nigeria, also lamented on the fact that in the past seven years of this Act only 330 Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) have complied with the mandate of FOI for them to give institutional reports annually.

He listed some of the benefits of FOI Act 2011 signed into law on May 28, to enable Nigerians to access certain government information, in order to ensure transparency and accountability.

“FOI Act gives every Nigerian a legal right of access to information, records and documents held by government bodies and private bodies bound by the law,” he enthused, insisting that it applies to all arms and tiers of government.

On who is qualified to seek information, Dr. Duru said that any citizen of Nigeria irrespective of professional discipline.

“Any other person seeking clarification of public issues,” he declared.

Chuks Egbune/GEE

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Bianca Ojukwu in once upon a wedding anniversary - ITREALMS

Ambassador Bianca Ojukwu has reminiscence her wedding anniversary, eulogizing her husband, late Dim Chukwuemeka Odemegwu, posthumously, reports ITREALMS.

Bianca in a wedding anniversary tribute on her Facebook page, noted everything seemed like a fairytale.

“And it was indeed my fairytale. That’s me in the celestial white wedding dress carrying a bouquet made up of 24 of the most beautiful red roses I have ever seen. They were specially flown in from Jos that misty morning....12th November 1994.

“Today would have been our 24th wedding anniversary, though we had been together since 1989. It was a marriage which occurred and survived against all odds.

“The wedding ceremony was nothing short of superlative and took place at Our Lady Queen Of Nigeria Catholic Church Abuja while the wedding reception, the very first ever to be held at the Hilton, Abuja was a compendium of who is who, and a memorable extravaganza.

“The pre Wedding Party took place at the exotic Jabi Lake resort and had Afro juju sensation Sir Shina Peters on the bandstand.....we jammed all night!

“So many years ago, and it feels just like yesterday...

“On this special day, though you are not here to remember with me, Dim Oma, Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, I want to say THANK YOU.....

“THANK YOU, Beloved, for 21 years of immeasurable happiness;

“THANK YOU, Nnam Ukwu , for the priceless privilege of being your spouse, your Queen, and most of all,

“THANK YOU, for being such a great father to our wonderful children.

“Till we meet to part no more, May God continue to shower you with peace and joy in His paradise where All is perfect.

“Happy Anniversary, My Dearest....)”

*Courtesy: 


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Pix: Bianca and Dim Ojukwu at their wedding@ITREALMS

Foreign Affairs Ministry admitted into ‘FOI Hall of Shame’ - ITREALMS

The Nigeria's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been just admitted into the Freedom of Information (FOI) “Hall of Shame” for consistently breaching most of its duties and obligations under the FOI Act over the last seven years, reports ITREALMS.

Ms. Chioma Nwaodike, Legal Officer at Media Rights Agenda (MRA), announced the induction of the Ministry into the FOI Hall of Shame in a statement in Lagos, saying the institution had essentially ignored its responsibilities under the FOI Act for most of the past seven years in circumstances that amount go gross dereliction of duty.

The Ministry is a statutory body created as part of the Executive branch of the Federal Government to reinforce foreign decision making and implementation processes in Nigeria and handle the external promotion of Nigeria's domestic vision and ideals. In recent times, the Ministry has also been saddled with the responsibility of increasing international awareness about Nigeria's economic potential.

The Ministry oversees the operations of all Nigeria’s embassies, consular offices and other foreign missions all over the world. The embassies under its charge in all countries where Nigeria has a diplomatic presence would most likely be the point of contact for Nigerians and non-Nigerians in those countries seeking information under the FOI Act.

Ms. Nwaodike stressed that the Ministry has failed to comply with its proactive publication obligations under Section 2 of the Act, which requires all public institutions covered by the Act to publish and periodically update certain categories of information, including on its website. She observed that the Ministry’s website does not contain the categories of information that it is required to publish proactively.

In addition, she said, the ministry has failed to comply with the express provisions of Section 13 of the FOI Act, which mandates the institution to organize training for its staff and officials to sensitize them on the public’s right of access to information and records held by it and to enable the institution’s officials to effectively implement the Act. She noted that there was no indication that the Ministry had conducted such training for its personnel and officials over the last seven years since the Act has been in existence.

Ms. Nwaodike noted that from the website of the Ministry, it is clear that it is also in breach of the requirement of Section 2(3) (f) of the Act for it to proactively publish the title and address of the appropriate officer to whom applications for information under the Act should be made by members of the public, adding that this stipulation is also contained in the Implementation Guidelines for the FOI Act issued by the Attorney-General of the Federation to assist all public institutions in their implementation of the Act.

According to her, from the records available from the Office of the Attorney-General of the Federation, since the FOI Act was enacted in 2011, the Ministry has only submitted its annual report on its implementation of the FOI Act to the Attorney-General of the Federation once - in 2013, when it should have submitted a total of seven such reports as at February 1, 2018. She said there was no record of the Ministry having submitted any report for any other year.

She described as “unfortunate the fact that the Federal Government ministry responsible for the external promotion of Nigeria's domestic vision and ideals and charged with boosting international awareness about all aspects of Nigeria, including its economic potential and the business opportunities available in the country, and which is likely to be the first point of contact for most foreigners from all parts of the world seeking information about Nigeria, has not instituted mechanisms for responding to information requests from Nigerians and non-Nigerians alike, despite the express provision of the FOI Act, which imposes an obligation on it to do so.”

Ms. Nwaodike insisted that the failure of the Ministry to effectively implement the FOI Act and to put mechanisms in place to enable persons within and outside Nigeria seeking information under the Act to effortlessly apply for and obtain such information amounted to gross dereliction of duty as the provision of such information forms part of the primary reasons for the existence of the Ministry.

Media Rights Agenda launched the FOI Hall of Shame in July 2017 to draw attention to public officials and institutions that are undermining the effectiveness of the FOI Act through their actions or inactions, decisions or utterances.

Nenye Dom/GEE

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Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Paradigm Initiative blames African govts over use of laws stifling internet freedom - ITREALMS

Paradigm Initiative has blamed African governments for using laws to stifle Internet freedom, reports ITREALMS.

In the 2018 edition of the Digital Rights in Africa report by Paradigm Initiative released at the Internet Governance Forum in Paris on Tuesday, November 13, the organisation accused many African governments of rolling out legislation and policies which enforce privacy violations, infringements to freedom of expression, access restrictions and hurt other digital rights, a report has revealed. 

ITREALMS reports that the report entitled “Legislating Restriction: How African Governments Use Restrictive Laws,” is the third edition of the Digital Rights in Africa.

According to ‘Gbenga Sesan, Executive Director of Paradigm Initiative, “The 2016 and 2017 editions focused on Internet Shutdowns and Citizens fightback against digital rights abuses. The 2018 edition focuses on how governments across Africa have transitioned from solely brutal tactics of arrests, Internet and social media app disruptions, and imprisonment to more refined, subtle and apparently “legal’’ approaches - or those that supposedly respect the “rule of law’’ - in stifling digital rights in Africa.”

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Morocco, Tanzania and beyond, governments have begun to roll out legislation and policies which enforce privacy violations, infringements to freedom of expression, access restrictions and hurt other digital rights.

Director of Programmes of Paradigm Initiative, Tope Ogundipe, “Our 2018 Digital Rights in Africa Report takes a look at this trend across Africa and discusses the way forward for civil society as we continue in the fight for digital rights and freedoms on the continent”.

This report highlights 8 countries across North, East, West and Central Africa where critical developments in the legal or policy space have conspired to hurt digital rights. These countries are Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, and Benin. Others are Uganda, Tanzania, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The 48-page report is published in English and French and is available for free download on the Paradigm Initiative’s website.

The report also bemoans the role certain actions of China, Russia and the United States have impacted on rights in other rights in African countries.

According to the report, “The surprise withdrawal of the United States from the United Nations Human Rights Council is another stark symptom of the strange times we are in... Beyond the United Nations Human Rights Council, the United States has lost some of its moral authority as an arbiter and defender of global human rights as a result of happenings within its own borders. These developments have emboldened hitherto repressive, but hesitant, state actors into acts that brazenly attempt to restrict human rights online and offline.”

“The increasing influence of China and Russia in global affairs is definitely changing perceptions about the thresholds of what is acceptable or not in human rights standards. Even more so, it would seem many African countries have begun to borrow a leaf from repressive foreign governments’ playbooks for violating digital rights,” the report continued.

The report also laments the slow passage of laws with the potential to uphold digital rights, noting that, “Interestingly, as states across the continent rush towards the passage of legislation which violate digital rights, simultaneously, they have either refused to implement calls for the enactment of legislation which protect digital rights or have introduced delays in the passage of such laws and policies. For instance, there are only 23 countries with data protection legislation in effect on the continent, whereas data protection has become a crucial foundation for life in our digital age and the successful working of the digital economy.”

Nenye Dom/GEE

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Bigotry statement: Anglican clergies tackle Joe Igbokwe over Peter Obi - ITREALMS

ITREALMS:
Anglican clergies in Anambra State have tackled Joe Igbokwe and berated him over a bigotry statement on the Vice Presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Sir Peter Obi, reports ITREALMS.

In his reactions, the Archbishop, Province on the Niger, Most Rev. Dr. Christian Efobi, in referring to Obi stint in Anambra State and good governance unlike what Nigerians are witnessing at the Federal today, resorted to a biblical quote: “When the righteous are on the throne, the people rejoice.”

Also, the Anglican Bishop of Onitsha, Most Rev. Dr. Owen Nwokolo, what Anambra witnessed under Obi is a revolution, the likes of which the State has not witnessed in the past.

According to Bishop Ephraim Ikeakor of Amichi Diocese, Obi had done very well as a governor, especially on his return of schools to the Churches has made the difference in education.

“His collaboration with the Church is yielding fruits,” he said, declaring that any person who said he (Obi) had not done well is a blatant liar. 


ITREALMS reported that the Anglican Bishop of Ihiala, Most Rev. Dr. Raphael Okafor, during the first session of the Second Synod of the Diocese at St. Andrew Church, Lilu said, “His Excellency, Mr. Peter Obi, CON, the former Governor of Anambra State will always be celebrated in the State. We cannot forget him and his Government, which was a Golden Era in this State which we hope will continue.”

At St. John’s Anglican Church, Umueze-Anam, while presenting an award to Obi, the Diocesan Bishop and Synod President, Rt. Rev. Dr. Henry Okeke, said “the award became expedient given that it was the last Obi would attend our synod as governor. He is a friend of the Diocese and he is being honoured in recognition of his contribution towards the success of the Diocese since inception as well as the development of Anambra West as a whole.”

At the 1st Session of the 29th Synod of Anglican Diocese on the Niger at St. Thomas Church, Oraukwu, the Bishop of the Diocese, Right Reverend Professor Godwin Okpala said, “I thank Mr. Peter Obi whole-heartedly for always identifying with affairs of the Church. God will continue to bless and uplift him for transforming the entire State. He has set a standard others will strive to emulate.”

The Anglican Bishop of the Diocese of Niger West, Rt. Revd Prof Anthony Nkwoka at Archbishop Patterson's Seminary, Igbariam said this of Obi: “We shall remain prayerful at all times for God to give the State a Governor that will be like Gov. Peter Obi when his tenure expires. I have followed the Governor's politics over the years and I see in him essential godliness that is absent among Nigerian politicians. By returning schools to the missions with sincere apologies and providing funds for their rehabilitation, Obi has left an indelible legacy for generations unborn."

In his own remarks about Obi, the Anglican Bishop of Awka, Rt. Rev Alexander Ibezim, during his visit to the Comprehensive Secondary School, Nawfia said: “development under Peter Obi in all sectors, especially education is marvelous… Obi’s example in governance is worthy of emulation for building institutions, unlike the past governors of the state that built individuals.”

For them, Obi deserves the support of very blooded Igbo man in his efforts at support Atiku presidency to reposition Nigeria.

Nenye Dom/GEE

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Smart energy meter shipments reach 31.3m units - ITREALMS

The new report from the Internet of Things (IoT) analyst firm, Berg Insight, has indicated that yearly shipments of smart energy meters in Europe will reach a record level of 31.3 million units in 2018, reports ITREALMS.

Smart electricity meter shipments grew 16 per cent compared to the previous year to 22.2 million units.

ITREALMS gathered that at the same time smart gas meter shipments increased 9 percent to 9.1 million units.

Growth in both segments, ITREALMS gathered will be sustained into 2019 and 2020, driven by ongoing large-scale roll-outs in multiple countries.

According to the Principal Analyst, Berg Insight, Mr. Tobias Ryberg, “The past year was another positive one for the adoption of smart meters in Europe. Deployments of smart electricity and gas meters ramped up to volume in France. Italy continued with the installation of smart gas meters in parallel to the rollout of second-generation smart electricity meters. Spain and Norway completed their nationwide rollouts, while Lithuania became the latest country to announce one”.

ITREALMS also gathered that United Kingdom (UK) and Benelux were other regions with significant developments.

Further, ITREALMS reports that while still behind the official timetable, the UK smart meter rollout continued in 2018, with the last pieces of technical framework finally coming into place at the end of the year.

Belgium followed the Netherlands in adopting smart meters, with the launch of a large-scale project in Flanders. Germany however only made little progress with the partial rollout to larger customers.

ITREALMS equally reported that adoption is still held back by the lack of certified smart meter data gateways. In the first wave, Germany is looking to equip approximately 5.5 million customers using more than 6,000 kWh per year or feeding solar power into the grid with smart meters.

Chuks Egbune/GEE

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Umerah outlines agenda for Awka Town indigenes in Lagos - ITREALMS


Emma Umerah Nwobum, founder, Neskar Maritime Nigeria Limited, has promised to initiate people-oriented programme that would lead the town to optimal growth and prosperity if elected as the president, Awka Development Union (ADU), Lagos branch in 2019, reports ITREALMS.

Nwobum, also chief executive officer, Emmajanefrances Nigeria Limited, said he already has a comprehensive plan to empower especially the youth and the women folks.

Leaning heavily on his wealth of experience of being member of many professional bodies and service in different capacities, Nwobum, pledged to ensure that every member of ADU Lagos branch is catered for.

According to him, if the young people were empowered, they would contribute to the development of Awka and indeed the country.

“Apart from youth empowerment, my administration would also focus on building structures that succeed my tenure” Nwobum added.

He said that “The Awka man is known for hard work and honesty, it is time rebuild our town starting with the building of image and integrity. We must galvanise the talents and culture of our people, we must do this for posterity”

Nwobum, is from Umudioka Village, Awka and attended Igwebuike Grammar school Awka.

He also attended University of Benin, where he obtained Bsc in Accountancy and University of Nigeria where he obtained MBA Marketing.

Nwobum is a recipient of Higher Diploma in Humans Resources Management from University of Lagos and is a Fellow of Chartered institute of Administration (FCIA); Full member Nigeria Institute of management (MNIM).

To cap his education, he also attended London Business School; Nanyang Business School; Antai Economic school, Shanghai, and Lagos Business School.

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Joe Igbokwe and re-definition of religious bigotry by Obienyem - ITREALMS

I do not have any problem with Mr. Joe Igbokwe working in Lagos. I know many of our Igbo brothers and sisters that are working in Lagos. That is how it should be and more of such should be encouraged. I, too benefited from Lagos State. I attended LASU in the nineties, when it was almost free education. Till today, I still have that sense of attachment to the school.
My problem with Mr. Igbokwe is going out of his way to denigrate the best from his state because he wants to please his benefactors. I said that the way he was going, if a Tinubu turned into a matador and mistakenly slayed an Anambra man instead of a horse, the likes of Joe Igbokwe would justify that on the ground that death was not meant for horses alone!

The other day, he joined Obi’s traducers, those that are working against an Igbo man becoming a Vice President to roast Obi in poisoned ink by confirming him an ethnic and religious bigot? In answering Mr. Igbokwe, I had written that “after many years of granting Mr. Joe Igbokwe the benefit of the doubt, I now have every reason to believe that he is one of the most disreputable Igbo man living in Lagos. He has proved that his manner of life is dishonourable, unscrupulous and treacherous. He has drank to the dregs the loose morality of politicians that he easily forgets himself while striving to please his masters even when they are dealing with those that are supposed to be his people. Peter Obi’s crime is protesting the deportation of Igbos from Lagos.”

It is pathetic that the only reason Mr. Igbokwe called Obi an ethnic bigot was because he challenged the then Gov. Fashola for deporting Igbos from Lagos. If the likes of Obi did not shout, may be today Joe Igbokwe would be the only Igbo man staying in Lagos. Just imagine the irony, an Igbokwe justifying the deportation of Easterners to the East even when other enlightened Yorubas joined Obi in condemning Mr. Fashola.

Yesterday (Sunday,), Mr. Joe Igbokwe also confirmed that Obi is a religious bigot, simply because he is contesting the Vice Presidential slot against another Yoruba man.

Let us see Obi’s relationship with the Churches in Anambra State as a means of appraising him as a religious bigot. First let us peruse through Obi’s Cabinet to see the bigotry inherent in it.

1. Mr. Oseloka Obaze, Secretary to State Government Catholic

2. Stella Okunna,Chief of Staff and Comm. for Economic Planning/Budget Anglican

3. Peter Afuba, Comm. for Justice and Attorney General Catholic

4. Azuka Enemo, Comm. for Local Government Anglican

5. Lawrence Ikeakor, Comm. for Health, Anglican

6. Henrietta Agbata, Comm for Women Affairs Anglican

7. Callistus Ilozumba, Comm.for Works Catholic

8. Edozie Aroh, Comm. for Youths and Sports, Anglican

9. Sebastian Okoye, Comm. for Environment Catholic

10. Ohamobi Chike, Comm for Transport, Catholic

11. Chibunna Okoli Akirika , Comm. for Lands Anglican

12. Engr. Patrick Obi, Comm. for Housing, Catholic

13. Ngozi Okoye, Comm. for Finance Anglican/Pent

14. Emeka Nwankwu, Comm. for Utilities Catholic

15. Uju Okeke, Comm. for Education, Catholic

16. Okoli Christopher, Comm. for Science and Tech, Anglican

17. Ndubisi Menakaya , Comm. for Agriculture, Anglican

18. Vivian Nwandu, Special Adviser on MDG, Anglican

19. Godfrey Muotolu, Special Adviser on Chieftaincy Matters, Catholic

20. Emenike, Obi, Principal Secretary to the Governor Catholic

21. Oby Nwankwo, Perm. Sec. Govt. House, Anglican

22. Ferdinand Obi Permanent Secretary/closest aide Anglican

Look at the composition of the Civil Service Commission under Obi

1. Mrs Ngozika Melifionwu (Chairman) Catholic

2. Mr George Asuegbu Ijezi (Secretary) Anglican

3. Barr Gabriel Onyeozili (from Obi’s own town) Anglican

4. Dr (Mrs) Kate Obioji Catholic

5. Mrs Pauline Ndibe Catholic

6. Mr. Shedrach Onuigbo Anglican


Look at the Judiciary under Obi

Chief Judges during the Tenure of Mr. Obi:

1. Justice Chuka Okoli (met on assumption of office) Anglican

2. Justice Nri Ezedi (appointed by Obi) Anglican

3. Justice Emeka Nzegwu (appointed by Obi) Anglican

4. Justice Paul Obidigwe (appointed by Obi) Anglican

5. Justice Peter Umeadi (appointed by Obi) Catholic

Anambra State Judiciary has 18 Judges. The under listed, 10 in number, belong to Anglican faith, while the rest belong to Catholic and other faiths:

1. Justice Ijeoma Onwuamaegbu Anglican

2. Justice O.M Anyachebelu Anglican

3. Justice J.I Nweze Anglican

4. Justice O.C. Amaechina Anglican

5. Justice P.C Obiora Anglican

6. Justice V. N Agbata Anglican

7. Justice G.C Anulude Anglican

8. Justice Ike Ogu Anglican

9. Justice C.C Okaa Anglican

10. Justice Otti Anglican

Look at the Customary Court of Appeal under Obi

1. Justice Chinwe Amaechi Anglican.

2. Justice Samuel Okoye Anglican

Support to Mission health institutions

It will be recalled that Obi started his partnership with the Church on health at Iyienu Hospital owned by the Anglican Communion. The hospital benefitted more than other missionary hospitals from Government support under Mr. Peter Obi.

He equally supported other Anglican hospitals that did not fall under the original hospitals slated for assistance, namely, Faith Hospital and Maternity owned by the Anglican Diocese of Awka. Another one is the Amichi Diocesan Hospital. He was, in fact, the one who encouraged the Bishop to start the School of Nursing.

He also assisted hospitals owned by the Pentecostal fellowship, an example being Jesus the Physician Hospital at Awka.

In his partnership with the Churches to build and rebuild institutions, Obi built 10 maternities and four of them were for the Anglican Church and are located in:

1. Umueje, Anyamelum L.G.A

2. Awba-Ofenmili, Awka North L.G.A

3. Ihiala, Ihiala L.G.A

4. Umunze, Orumba South L.G.A

Return of schools:

After Obi returned schools to their original owners, some people outside the Catholic and Anglican Churches raise the issue of assistances only rendered to the two Churches, but the fact was that only the two Churches owned schools that were taken by the Government.

Always moved by equity, all the money shared to the mission were in proportion to the number of schools retuned to each. Is this Igbokwe’s definition of bigotry?

I understand that some disputed schools were not returned. Is returning them amidst disputes Joe’s definition of bigotry?

Like Catholic schools, all Anglican schools got buses, computers, generators, among many others. Is this Joe’s understanding of bigotry?

Anglican Bishops on Obi:

Anambra State is better today because Mr. Obi collaborated with organizations that have the progress of the State at heart, and one of them is the Church. Obi partnered with the Church through return of their schools to them, the rehabilitation of their health facilities, among others. It is very wrong to see Obi and his bigotry through the prisms of warped minds as Mr. Igbokwe. it is better to see Obi through the prisms of Anglican Bishops, all of who, like other religious leaders, worked closely with him.

Now, see their opinions about Mr. Peter Obi:

His Grace, Most Rev. Dr. Christian Efobi, Archbishop, Province on the Niger, in referring to Obi, resorted to a biblical quote: “When the righteous are on the throne, the people rejoice.”

For the Anglican Bishop of Onitsha, Most Rev. Dr. Owen Nwokolo, “What Anambra is witnessing under Obi is a revolution, the likes of which the State has not witnessed in the past.”

According to Bishop Ephraim Ikeakor of Amichi Diocese, “Obi has done very well. His return of school to the Churches has made the difference in education. His collaboration with the Church is yielding fruits. Any person who says he has not done well is a blatant liar.”

The Anglican Bishop of Ihiala, Most Rev. Dr. Raphael Okafor, during the first session of the Second Synod of the Diocese at St. Andrew Church, Lilu said: “His Excellency, Mr. Peter Obi, CON, the former Governor of Anambra State will always be celebrated in the State. We cannot forget him and his Government, which was a Golden Era in this State which we hope will continue.”

At St. John’s Anglican Church, Umueze-Anam, while presenting an award to Obi, the Diocesan Bishop and Synod President, Rt. Rev. Dr. Henry Okeke, said “the award became expedient given that it was the last Obi would attend our synod as governor. He is a friend of the Diocese and he is being honoured in recognition of his contribution towards the success of the Diocese since inception as well as the development of Anambra West as a whole.”

At the 1st Session of the 29th Synod of Anglican Diocese on the Niger at St. Thomas Church, Oraukwu, the Bishop of the Diocese, Right Reverend Professor Godwin Okpala said, “I thank Mr. Peter Obi whole-heartedly for always identifying with affairs of the Church. God will continue to bless and uplift him for transforming the entire State. He has set a standard others will strive to emulate.”

The Anglican Bishop of the Diocese of Niger West, Rt. Revd Prof Anthony Nkwoka at Archbishop Patterson's Seminary, Igbariam said this of Obi: “We shall remain prayerful at all times for God to give the State a Governor that will be like Gov. Peter Obi when his tenure expires. I have followed the Governor's politics over the years and I see in him essential godliness that is absent among Nigerian politicians. By returning schools to the missions with sincere apologies and providing funds for their rehabilitation, Obi has left an indelible legacy for generations unborn."

In his own remarks about Obi, the Anglican Bishop of Awka, Rt. Rev Alexander Ibezim, during his visit to the Comprehensive Secondary School, Nawfia said: “development under Peter Obi in all sectors, especially education is marvelous. I pity those that will come after him as it will be difficult for them meeting up with the standards Governor Peter Obi has set. Obi’s example in governance is worthy of emulation for building institutions, unlike the past governors of the state that built individuals.”

What other verdict by Anglicans about Mr. Peter Obi should be more valid than those of My Lord Bishops? I think the likes of Igbokwe are on their own. For him the prove of Obi’s bigotry is not in his actual relationship with the Church, but in what he heard from Chief Dan Ulasi, a seasoned mercenary.

I challenge the likes of Joe Igbokwe to show me, by comparison, any government in Anambra state or elsewhere that did for the Church, including Anglican Church, 2 per cent of what Obi did for them.

Enlightened minds can engage in intellectual exercises which I do a lot, by looking at the Churches from different perspectives, but only bigots look at it like Joe Igbokwe with the aim to cause problem for the people. He is a Lagosian by adoption, don’t he know that a typical Lagos family houses people from different denominations and faith, each leaving his life without being a terror to one another. This are the type of lessons we expect him to learn and imbibe and not tendencies that are destructive to the society.

*Courtesy; Barr. Valentine Obienyem, [Personal Assistant (P.A.) to Sir Peter Obi, Vice Presidential candidate of Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for 2019 election].

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Monday, November 12, 2018

Teleology paid up $450m, appoints Beuvelet, MD, Ado-Bayero, chairman - ITREALMS


The selling of 9mobile, hitherto known as Etisalat Nigeria may have finally been resolved with the pronouncement and constitution of new board of directors under the chairmanship of the Nasiru Ado Bayero, as Teleology Nigeria Limited takes over, reports ITREALMS.

This is coming as ITREALMS gathered that Stephane Beuvelet, has been appointed Acting Managing Director of 9mobile.

The new owners of 9mobile, Teleology, also revealed that they have paid the balance of $450 million after the initial $50 million paid in last April.

The seven-man new Board of Directors emerged followed the successful completion of tenure of the former Board appointed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

One the newly appointed Non-Executive Director of Teleology, Mohammed Edewor, was quoted as saying that the new Chairman, Alhaji Nasiru Ado Bayero, has accepted the appointment.

The new 7-man Board of Directors comprised, Nasiru Ado Bayero (Chairman), Asega Aliga (Non-Executive Director), Adrian Wood (Non-Executive Director), Mohammed Edewor (Non-Executive Director), Winston Ndubueze Udeh (Non-Executive Director), Abdulrahman Ado (Executive Director), and Stephane Beuvelet (Acting Managing Director).

According to the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) guidelines on the transaction brings to conclusion on the long process which marked the sale of 9mobile.

New chairman of 9mobile board, Alhaji Bayero was quoted as welcoming his appointment, saying that “as we begin this new epochal phase, we wish to thank all the employees who built this viable business. Our debt of gratitude also goes to our subscribers even as we assure them to get ready for real best-in-class additional value for their relationship with the 9mobile brand. Without you, there could not have been a 9mobile business for us to invest in today. We will justify your confidence in our brand by making significant investments that will improve the value you get for using 9mobile.”

“For us, the composition of the new Board of Directors is another significant milestone, and this follows the issuance of final approval of no objection by the Board of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to the effect that the technical and financial bids Teleology submitted for 9mobile met and satisfied all the regulatory requirements. This is indeed the dawn of a new era in the evolution of the 9mobile brand in the Nigerian market,” Edewor said.

ITREALMS recalls that CBN in collaboration with NCC, had as at July 2017 appointed a Board of Directors chaired by Dr. Joseph Nnanna, the Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, to oversee the affairs of the company pending the completion of regulatory due diligence of the bid documents submitted by Teleology and sixteen others for its acquisition that was managed by Barclays Africa.

Nenye Dom/GEE

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Pix: Stephane Beuvelet, new acting MD, 9mobile.

Digital battle: Time to localize your password by Uwaje - ITREALMS

The next digital battle resides in the struggle to hide and seek your Password.

Relevant estimates show that, there are about 1250-2100 languages. Therefore, is the adoption of Local Language Password Code beneficial to a country? “Around a hundred languages are widely used for inter-ethnic communication. Arabic, Somali, Berber, Amharic, Oromo, Igbo, Swahili, Hausa, Manding, Fulani and Yoruba are spoken by tens of millions of people.” (Wiki).

The above question on adoption of Local Language Password Code is very inviting and critical to the digital-knowledge-of-things (DKoT). Indeed, there have been many illuminating debates on this subject with pros and cons - based on which part of the digital divide one is positioned. Applying digital common sense, using your local language does not only make sense, it is important, strategic and beneficial.

The main focal-point of this write-up can be summarized as follows: “In fact, using characters from a wider pool makes it harder for an attacker to guess your password by brute force. That said, making the password slightly longer generally does that more effectively than sprinkling "weird" characters into your password (obligatory xkcd link), so you should only use non-English characters in your password if you can type and remember them easily, e.g. because you speak a language that uses those characters”.

One thing to keep in mind as we further explore the subject-matter (with ASCII at the Background) is to note that initially, the Internet as we know it today was really not designed with digital security in mind. ASCII is a 7-bit character-set containing 128 characters ranging from the 0-9 numbers, forming the upper and lower case English letters from A to Z, and some special characters. The character-sets used in modern computers, in HTML, and on the Internet, are all based on ASCII. Luckily, Nigerian and most African Languages are alphabet-based.

Simply defined, ASCII (spoken as) ASS-kee), is an acronym which stands for “American Standard Code for Information Interchange”. ASCII is a model designed for character encoding standard to enable flexible electronic communication. Further illuminated, ASCII codes represent text in computers, telecommunications equipment, and other Information Technology devices.

In general, there is no reason not to use arbitrary characters in a password, unless the system processing the password does something stupid with them (like removes them completely, leaving an empty password). History tells us that in the old days of language-specific character- sets, there was always the risk that passwords with non-ASCII characters might disappoint the user when you switched to a different computer.

This problem arises because standardized model has not matured and the system was encoding those characters differently. But today the system devices are much standardized on Unicode as the standard universal character-set – making password construct much admissible as far as it obeys the rules guiding usage of special characters. Some user experience have shown that in Cyberhacking, the attacker does not expect victims using their own local language and sometime mixed with foreign languages – hence, the penetration becomes more difficult for the attacker and delivers improved protection to the User..

Example of the adoption and use of local African Languages for Mobile phone access, email and Mobile financial and ATM transactions are in their millions. A User testimony attested as follows: “I used to have 'special' letters in my email address to combat spam. It worked greatly, I have not yet received a single email for that address”

Also: “Of course, we still have different ways of encoding Unicode characters into bytes, like UTF-8, UTF-16-LE/BE, UCS-32, etc., but at least those are generally pretty well under the receiving program's control, as opposed to depending on the user's OS and/or terminal settings like charset selection used to be. And, honestly, UTF-8 is becoming pretty well established as the standard Unicode encoding for I/O purposes, even if some software may use other encodings internally.) In fact, using characters from a wider pool makes it harder for an attacker to guess your password by brute force”.

That said, making the password slightly longer generally does that more effectively than sprinkling "weird" characters into your password (obligatory xkcd link), so you should only use non-English characters in your password if you can type and remember them easily, e.g. because you speak a language that uses those characters. Still, there are some reasons why you might sometimes not want to use non-ASCII characters in your password.”

Finally, “A word is enough for the wise: Choose, apply and use your local language (with numeric combination where possible) as your preferred Password protection it will safe you life troubles in the digital battle of the 21st Century.”

*Contributed by Chris Uwaje, former president Institute of Software Practitioners of Nigeria (ISPON).

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Why Atiku was searched and must submit to checks says Sirika - ITREALMS

Hon. Minister of State, Aviation, Senator Hadi Sirika has revealed why the former Vice President and current flag bearer of Peoples Democratic Party for 2019 elections, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar was made to undergo security checks on arrival from his Dubai retreat, reports ITREALMS.

He also confirmed that a task force on currency checked Atiku’s bag, obviously in search of foreign currencies.

“While it is true that the Task Force on Currency at the airport did the routine action of checking the former Vice President’s travel bag, he was accorded full respect as a senior citizen,” he declared.

He equally described as mischievous attempt to grab the headlines, the report that former Vice President, insisting that all incoming passengers on international flights undergo security checks across all agencies at the airports.

“For the records, all incoming passengers on international flights go through customs, Immìgration, health and security screening,” Sirika said in a press statement made available to ITREALMS.

“Where the aircraft is using the private, charter wing, as the PDP Candidate did, such arrivals are met by a team of the Immìgration, customs and other security agencies. They go to the arriving aircraft as a team. The airport authorities confirm that this is a routine process, applying to all international arrivals, including the minister unless the passenger is the President of Nigeria. The President, the Vice President and passengers aboard planes on the Presidential air fleet use the Presidential wing of the airport.

“It is also important to state that even in the Presidential Wing of the airport the President of Nigeria uses, there is the presence of Immìgration and other security officials who must stamp his or her passport on arrival.

“By standard procedure, all aircraft on international arrivals must first of all park at the international wing of the aircraft. They can move to the domestic terminal only upon the completion of the arrival processes,” he said.

These checks, Sirika said, are mandatory, conventional, internationally applied and routine. No one is excused from them under our laws. These checks are carried out on all international arrivals and President Buhari does not get involved in them.

“Law-abiding citizens are encouraged to respect the laws of the country and our VIPs should not seek to be treated over and above the citizens they wish to serve,” he said.

Nenye Dom/GEE

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