Search ITRealms:

Featured post

Fidelity Bank recommits to digital technology, adopts open banking - ITREALMS

ITREALMS : As part of its re-commitment, Fidelity Bank has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Open Technology Foundation (OTF) fo...

Thursday, March 30, 2006

Right time for e-voting ...

Features of the week:

Introducing the Electronic Voting System (EVS) at this time in the country has become imperative, reports REMMY NWEKE.

Practice makes perfect …
An old time adage has it that practice makes perfect and obviously this is hinged on both physical and visible experiences of the past. As such, there is no innovation that does not have an improved version and electronic voting system is not an exception.

Discussing with a fellow Nigerian in far away German city of Berlin recently, on hearing that the new helmsman at the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Prof. Maurice Iwu, is keen on enthroning EVS, Mazi Igilige Ubochi, was excited and on inquiry, the technologist who had since become a ‘brain-drain’ said, “at last, my country is becoming technology conscious”.

Mazi Ubochi who immediately became an advocate of EVS among peers said, for President Olusegun Obasanjo to have realized that the “more we are able to take human error, either by omission or commission, away from the electoral process, the more our electoral process and the results will be less controvertible and controversial” adding that it is a sign of good tidings that political leaders now have a place for technology in a developing nation like Nigeria.

He was particular about where Obasanjo was quoted, in Abuja while receiving Imo State Council of Traditional Rulers, as saying that the nation cannot afford to lag behind in revolutionizing the electoral process in this modern age especially, “When everybody is going digital and everything is going digital”.

According to Mazi Ubochi, the benefits of e-voting abound, such as offering multiple advantages over traditional paper-based voting system, thereby increasing citizens’ access and contribution to democratic processes.

Another is that the system could switch to a local language of the voter’s choice, like we do these days with some telcos’ Interactive Voice Response (IVR). Additionally, it could be easily adapted for use by the blind. As well, it affords people the courage of voting securely and in secret, to name a few.

These were also accented to by the Senate Leader, Alhaji Dalhatu Sarki Tafida. While making a case for e-voting at the Senate recently, he noted that even the national identity card could be deployed, which is yet to go round, to ensure one-man one-vote, as well as thumb printing.

Above all, it will checkmate electoral corruption and malpractices as the result is expected to hit the central server as the vote is cast, both at the local polling center and at the national level, that’s INEC headquarters, simultaneously.

Conversely, EVS has some shortcomings, which include acceptance by political class, its cost of implementation, which is usually high and ability to confer confidence in the election results generated automatically. Even as there is no open audit probably to allow individual voters on the platform to verify results afterwards.

This is not to say that disadvantages outweigh the advantages in any way.
Anatomy of e-voting

Historically, e-voting traverses mere electronic system, meaning it could be used whether on or off line. Whilst the online version could go for a voting via the Internet, it could also be used without being connected to the Internet or World Wide Web (www).

The offline electronic voting evolves deployment of a system embedded with computational mechanism with power source, thus allowing voters’ details to be recorded electronically in contact with the central server.

First kind of these models were introduced in 1869, when Mr. Thomas Edison proposed to record and count votes cast by congressmen through electromechanical ‘machines’.

However, advancement has continued to change the evolution methodologies from one inventor to another, creating a divide between the machine and system in EVS.

The American Heritage dictionary defines machine thus “A device consisting of fixed and moving parts that modifies mechanical energy and transmits it in a more useful form.” But, system is described in Columbia encyclopedia as “A mechanical, optical, or electronic system that is used to maintain a desired output”.

The concept
The call for a better society and development motivated some scientists to come up with ‘electronic voting’ basically concerned with electronic democracy, hence computerized collection of data in the 70s and as democratic experiment continued into the 21st century, its acceptance became imperative.

Defined as collection and dissemination of peoples’ opinion, especially during elections, the computer-based EVS came as experiments where all the voting alternatives are put to play.

Most systems deployed for electronic voting usually have other functions to go with and could be said to be a general communication systems. Since voting is a form of getting together of people in a given state to form a consensus or otherwise on issues and for those who mount the saddle of leadership, specifically.

Though, experts noted that systems for automated voting in electronic democracy are relatively recent but the first known acceptable computer supported device was that of the Delphi panel that Murray Turoff executed in 1970 called Emergency Management Information System And Reference Index (EMISARI).

Still in the euphoria, Mazi Ubochi learnt few months later that some members of the nation’s Senate were ‘unsettled’ about the EVS, basically on the ‘Voting Machine’ aspect.

A professor turned Senator was quoted as not understanding what INEC meant by the system at his level of education, let alone an illiterate rural farmer. But like one salesman once declared in a commuter bus in Lagos also known as ‘Molue’; “education is not a sign of vision, but tends to be complimented by education”. This goes to say that before advent of any technology in every society there are some wise illiterates, whilst experiment and perfecting act continue.

Proponents though were not assuring of 100 per cent accuracy, but concerned with improving level of accuracy during elections.

A Lagos-based social critic, Mr. Charles Okoh, noted equally the essence of rural electrification, which would encourage political class to ensure that financial votes received for rural development are used appropriately and bringing about good governance.

Wondering what it should have looked like if Nigeria had waited for all citizens to become literate before embracing much touted technologies like the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) among others, yet many illiterate Nigerians now own and use GSM phones, just five years after.

Therefore it was not surprising that some Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) experts are backing INEC to deploy EVS for the 2007 general elections, citing enormous benefits.

Eastern Nigeria-based Internet Service Provider (ISP) and education provider, Mr. Mba Nwakanma, described it as a great idea, imploring political class to let the system be and devoid of any form of manipulations. Noting that election and rigging has reached the state of “a desperate situation”.

For Chief executive of Connect Technologies, Mr. Chris Uwaje, EVS is “very critical to national security and democratic process.” Advocating a roundtable stakeholders’ forum to not only harvest support for EVS, but deliberate on the fundamental, which goes beyond electronic voting to the ability to establish national IT enabling environment for engaging the emerging information and knowledge society.

Emphasizing its impact on national security dwells on imperativeness of having a national database structure for the country.

INEC reassures
Good news, however, is that INEC has reassured of its resolve to take the bull by the horns, as the commission insisted “there is no going back on the proposal” as said by Prof. Iwu recently in Abuja, maintaining EVS remains an integral part of the 2007 general elections.

This came after the Senate had on March 1, reportedly expunged the clause specifically on Electronic Voting Machine (EVM).

Chief Press Secretary to INEC boss, Mr. Andy Ezeani, informed that although INEC is not particular about any EVM, stressed that entries were received globally; from United States, Europe, Israel, Asia and Africa, for the production and supply of the machine, including the Security and Mint, a subsidiary of Central Bank of Nigeria apart from four firms that participated in the pilot scheme.

Explaining that EVS is a system and not a machine, consist of four modules, namely electronic voters register, electronic authentication of voters card, electronic voting machine (EVM) and automatic transmission of election results.

“Unfortunately, many mistake the EVS for EVM and agitation seems to be over the voting machine,” he asserted, maintaining that no doubt, the other aspects of the EVS will be in use, as he alleged that those against EVM are those planning to rig 2007 elections.

Though with EVS, he said, there will be paper print out of votes, the result is transmitted instantly to the polling stations and the INEC headquarters with underlining idea to forestall anyone carrying ballot papers or ballot box.

Calling Information ministry
Senator (Mrs.) Daisy Danjuma in her submission on EVS, lamented that its introduction seems inappropriate due to time left for enlightenment before the 2007 election, so as to enable Nigerians understand the intrigues.

What matters now is aggressive enlightenment from every angle and mostly by Information Ministry led by Mr. Frank Nweke Jnr. This should not be left alone to INEC and redistribution of national ID cards should also commence immediately.

Time it is said waits for no man and a child begins to master the act of walking by standing and falling; thus its not out of place if Nigeria starts e-voting now or if Mr. President vetos EVS at this time; 137 years after it was first proposed in US.


Askinstoo said...

Very nice! I found a place where you can
make some nice extra cash secret shopping. Just go to the site below
and put in your zip to see what's available in your area.
I made over $900 last month having fun!
make extra money

Evin Marquee said...

It would be best to bank of quality articles and have a plan for posting these at strategic intervals. Keto Fast

Emily Selvister said...

Visit Enhancements BlueChew now and find out what enhancement pills The question as to just how exactly male enhancement pills work is one of the most frequently asked questions in men-only forums

Emily Selvister said...

. In Grand pliggly
Junction Colorado Quality Health Network lowered their per capita Medicare spending to 24% below the national average, gaining recognition by President Obama in 2009. The Santa Cruz Health Information Exchange (SCHIE) with 600 doctors and two hospitals achieved sustainability in the first year of operation and uses a subscription fee for all the organizations who interact with them

Emily Selvister said...

This can be Kings of Kung Fu achieved through a combination of:Improving the work organization and the working environment Promoting active participation of employees in health activities Encouraging personal development

Emily Selvister said...

Why did keto charge your routine suddenly stop working, and what can you do to push through this weight loss plateau?Understanding Weight Loss Vs. Fat Loss"Weight loss" is a tricky little devil because it doesn't differentiate between changes in fat, muscle, and water.

Emily Selvister said...

Hi! I'm Alex Keto Mode Review Jones and I love helping people lose weight. You have to first figure out your true motivation as to why you want to lose weight and once you do you will have all the firepower you need to keep you motivated when the going get's tough

Emily Selvister said...

It's very Slimlinic Keto common for people to hit several plateaus on their journeys to a six pack because, well, the human body is just stubborn when it comes to shedding fat.I've found that I can't get below 9-10% body fat on diet alone (you can only reduce your calories so much, or you begin to eat up muscle)-

Emily Selvister said...

The first Green Vibe Keto stage is liposuction and is performed to remove excess fat and some glandular tissue. Over the next few months, the breast skin will retract slightly. Three to six months later, the patient will return to evaluate the situation and determine if the outcome is satisfactory. Delaying the second stage allows for significant skin retraction and if a skin tightening procedure is desired it is likely to require smaller incisions.

Emily Selvister said...

The abdominoplasty green vibe keto review will solely remove the excess skin from your stomach which is ideal for women following pregnancy. However, for those who have undergone weight loss surgery or a massive weight loss, excess skin is not limited to the stomach but also results in the buttocks and thighs.

Emily Selvister said...

Occasionally, Provitalize the skin may even breakdown, bleed and become infected. With proper documentation, many insurance companies recognize this problem and provide full coverage from surgical removal through a tummy tuck or abdominoplasty.

Emily Selvister said...

Getting Keto Infinite Accel active is an import key to weight loss. We need to get moving if we want to lose weight and keep it off. However, sometimes when you start an exercise program, you go from couch potato to exercise fanatic. You want to gradually start the exercise regime over time.

Emily Selvister said...

Exercise is SF180 Keto the key to sustainable, long lasting and real weight loss. For every pound you lose by eating right and exercising that is one more pound that will never come back to haunt you.

haten said...

Connect an external computer monitor to the laptop. If the external monitor display is fine, then you have a problem with the Laptop LCD screen or the LCD cable connection. If the external monitor image is the same as on the Laptop LCD, then it is likely to be a faulty integrated onboard video, this means replacing the motherboard of the Laptop.

A typical Laptop LCD display assembly

most expensive laptop

haten said...

One recent research tested 7 Keto supplement's ability to get better immune purpose in aged participants. Accordingly, the research revealed that following only four weeks, participants obtained high levels of white blood cell, could brawl of illness more rapidly, and acquired cells that increase the immune system of the body.
Ultra Keto 360

haten said...

The differing factor of Coupole watches is that it has clock like small and medium sized dials. It helps in increasing fashionable appeal of the pieces. This collection has watches for men as women.

Coupole Gents:
best android wear smartwatches

haten said...

For most people reading this article, finding an effective diet that works most of the time must seem as complicated as nuclear physics. It's not, but there are a bewildering number of choices for diets out there. High fat or no fat? High carbohydrate or no carbohydrate? Low protein or high protein? To make matters worse, there are a million variations and combinations to the above diet scenarios to add to the confusion. It seems endless and causes many people to throw up their hands in frustration and give up. In this article I will attempt to change all that.

Fast Burn Keto

haten said...

If you choose a different career path, and prefer to become an employee as a Health and Wellness Coach, you may find that as with any occupation, the larger the role and responsibility, the higher your pay.
For example, if you work for a corporation as an Employee Health and Wellness Administrator (around $50,000 annually), your job will involve less responsibility than if you were a Wellness Program Manager (around $75,000 annually).

ultra keto burn

haten said...

The important part of my interest is to see how users find brands on Snapchat. So I picked one of my friends asked him to tell me about brand searching over Snapchat. This is how I managed to add friends and soon built a list of friends.
I added few brands by using their username and started following them.
What's in it for Marketers
Although, Snapchat adds value to the trends of the video but they are so limited because videos disappear after sometimes. This element brings break-up of Snapchat with many B2B marketers I have observed.

Top Celebrity Snapchat

haten said...

More usually than not they work between 38 - 40 hours per week. In a hospital where the hospital pharmacy needs to be open and additionally medicine and associated remedies need to be available 24 hours a day, they may be required to work day or night shifts. In a community or high street pharmacy a Pharmacy Technician will work during the times the pharmacy is open.

Fluconazole Diflucan For sale

haten said...

Keto-rash is not a common side effect of the diet. Probable causes include production of acetone (a form of ketone) in the sweat that irritates the skin or nutrient deficiencies including protein or minerals. Shower immediately after exercise and make sure you eat nutrient dense whole foods.

Aegis Vitality Keto

haten said...

While it is certainly possible to "cold-call" another site owner and just offer to write a guest post, you might have more success if you form a relationship first. Start small, by leaving comments on their blog posts. If they offer a newsletter subscription by email, you can occasionally reply via email as well. The goal is not necessarily to become best friends; it's to make sure that your name is familiar enough to them that your guest blog request is given more consideration than a request from a complete stranger.


haten said...

Remember, if the site in question already has a guide for a specific way to request a guest blog post, definitely follow that instead of the preceding suggestions. Just like some companies prefer resumes and others want you to fill out an application, all websites have their own way they desire things done, and it's best to respect that.

kings of kung fu

Andrew Haddin said...

Regardless of whether you're after that sexy look or a classy one, healthy lips will be an essential part of looking your best. Lip Liner Tips

haten said...

Have you ever thought about taking male enhancers to liven up your sex life. Many men ask themselves, should I take male enhancement pills? There is no short answer to that question, but most men have reason to say yes.

LNG Active Male Enhancement

haten said...

And then if that wasn't bad enough, as Medicare doctors begin receiving lower and lower reimbursements for Medicare Advantage people, they're going to stop taking new Medicare Advantage recipients. We're going to see the pool of doctors to support people in Medicare starting to shrink as well, unless changes are made over the course of the next five years. So Medicare is going to be affected, and it's going to be affected dramatically by health care reform. Everybody's kind of on pins and needles, waiting to see what's going to happen there.
keto body tone shark tank

haten said...

Whether you are body building, weight lifting or working out with body toning exercises, always read and review the nutritional information on supplements before adding them to your workout routine. There are many different kinds of nutritional supplements which can be used for bodybuilding, weightlifting or even the general exercise enthusiast.

Keto Jolt

haten said...

When it comes to purchasing any health or beauty item most of you know by now that knowledge of product is key to spending your money wisely. As you may know health, beauty, diet and nutritional products can be quite costly. Even the most seasoned shopper

Wonder Full Keto

haten said...

Now you will have a base to begin. You have the real story on your health and fitness. You can begin to create a stable base for the future. What in your list is the first thing you want to create stability in? This is where you start. Creating the stable base allows us to be more

Primo Boost Keto

haten said...

If you live in America, there's a 66% chance as you read this article your over-weight and a 33% likelihood to the extent described as obese (30 lbs. above ideal weight). This is the condition 90% of the 10,000 clients I have personally counseled are in. Numerous scientific studies have proven that even a balanced diet, that includes whole grains, fruits and

keto 10x

haten said...

Infectious gastroenteritis - Infectious gastroenteritis is caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites. In each case, the infection is usually due to eating or drinking. Some common types of infectious gastroenteritis include campylobacter infection, Cryptosporidium infections, guildies salmonellosis syngelosis and viral gastroenteritis.

Control X Keto

haten said...

You've probably heard plenty about the Atkins Diet over the years. You know, that incredibly popular and controversial diet that involves cutting right down on your carbohydrate intake. You may have also heard of "ketogenic diets" - it's a more scientific term so you may not recognise it. Did you realise that the Atkins Diet is a type of ketogenic diet? In this article we'll have a brief look at what the term means and my experience of this type of diet.

Mega Keto Diet