WayForward@ITREALMS

Thursday, March 30, 2006

Right time for e-voting ...


Features of the week:

Introducing the Electronic Voting System (EVS) at this time in the country has become imperative, reports REMMY NWEKE.

Practice makes perfect …
An old time adage has it that practice makes perfect and obviously this is hinged on both physical and visible experiences of the past. As such, there is no innovation that does not have an improved version and electronic voting system is not an exception.

Discussing with a fellow Nigerian in far away German city of Berlin recently, on hearing that the new helmsman at the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Prof. Maurice Iwu, is keen on enthroning EVS, Mazi Igilige Ubochi, was excited and on inquiry, the technologist who had since become a ‘brain-drain’ said, “at last, my country is becoming technology conscious”.

Mazi Ubochi who immediately became an advocate of EVS among peers said, for President Olusegun Obasanjo to have realized that the “more we are able to take human error, either by omission or commission, away from the electoral process, the more our electoral process and the results will be less controvertible and controversial” adding that it is a sign of good tidings that political leaders now have a place for technology in a developing nation like Nigeria.

He was particular about where Obasanjo was quoted, in Abuja while receiving Imo State Council of Traditional Rulers, as saying that the nation cannot afford to lag behind in revolutionizing the electoral process in this modern age especially, “When everybody is going digital and everything is going digital”.

Benefits
According to Mazi Ubochi, the benefits of e-voting abound, such as offering multiple advantages over traditional paper-based voting system, thereby increasing citizens’ access and contribution to democratic processes.

Another is that the system could switch to a local language of the voter’s choice, like we do these days with some telcos’ Interactive Voice Response (IVR). Additionally, it could be easily adapted for use by the blind. As well, it affords people the courage of voting securely and in secret, to name a few.

These were also accented to by the Senate Leader, Alhaji Dalhatu Sarki Tafida. While making a case for e-voting at the Senate recently, he noted that even the national identity card could be deployed, which is yet to go round, to ensure one-man one-vote, as well as thumb printing.

Above all, it will checkmate electoral corruption and malpractices as the result is expected to hit the central server as the vote is cast, both at the local polling center and at the national level, that’s INEC headquarters, simultaneously.

Conversely, EVS has some shortcomings, which include acceptance by political class, its cost of implementation, which is usually high and ability to confer confidence in the election results generated automatically. Even as there is no open audit probably to allow individual voters on the platform to verify results afterwards.

This is not to say that disadvantages outweigh the advantages in any way.
Anatomy of e-voting

Historically, e-voting traverses mere electronic system, meaning it could be used whether on or off line. Whilst the online version could go for a voting via the Internet, it could also be used without being connected to the Internet or World Wide Web (www).

The offline electronic voting evolves deployment of a system embedded with computational mechanism with power source, thus allowing voters’ details to be recorded electronically in contact with the central server.

First kind of these models were introduced in 1869, when Mr. Thomas Edison proposed to record and count votes cast by congressmen through electromechanical ‘machines’.

However, advancement has continued to change the evolution methodologies from one inventor to another, creating a divide between the machine and system in EVS.

The American Heritage dictionary defines machine thus “A device consisting of fixed and moving parts that modifies mechanical energy and transmits it in a more useful form.” But, system is described in Columbia encyclopedia as “A mechanical, optical, or electronic system that is used to maintain a desired output”.

The concept
The call for a better society and development motivated some scientists to come up with ‘electronic voting’ basically concerned with electronic democracy, hence computerized collection of data in the 70s and as democratic experiment continued into the 21st century, its acceptance became imperative.

Defined as collection and dissemination of peoples’ opinion, especially during elections, the computer-based EVS came as experiments where all the voting alternatives are put to play.

Most systems deployed for electronic voting usually have other functions to go with and could be said to be a general communication systems. Since voting is a form of getting together of people in a given state to form a consensus or otherwise on issues and for those who mount the saddle of leadership, specifically.

Though, experts noted that systems for automated voting in electronic democracy are relatively recent but the first known acceptable computer supported device was that of the Delphi panel that Murray Turoff executed in 1970 called Emergency Management Information System And Reference Index (EMISARI).

Voices
Still in the euphoria, Mazi Ubochi learnt few months later that some members of the nation’s Senate were ‘unsettled’ about the EVS, basically on the ‘Voting Machine’ aspect.

A professor turned Senator was quoted as not understanding what INEC meant by the system at his level of education, let alone an illiterate rural farmer. But like one salesman once declared in a commuter bus in Lagos also known as ‘Molue’; “education is not a sign of vision, but tends to be complimented by education”. This goes to say that before advent of any technology in every society there are some wise illiterates, whilst experiment and perfecting act continue.

Proponents though were not assuring of 100 per cent accuracy, but concerned with improving level of accuracy during elections.

A Lagos-based social critic, Mr. Charles Okoh, noted equally the essence of rural electrification, which would encourage political class to ensure that financial votes received for rural development are used appropriately and bringing about good governance.

Wondering what it should have looked like if Nigeria had waited for all citizens to become literate before embracing much touted technologies like the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) among others, yet many illiterate Nigerians now own and use GSM phones, just five years after.

Therefore it was not surprising that some Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) experts are backing INEC to deploy EVS for the 2007 general elections, citing enormous benefits.

Eastern Nigeria-based Internet Service Provider (ISP) and education provider, Mr. Mba Nwakanma, described it as a great idea, imploring political class to let the system be and devoid of any form of manipulations. Noting that election and rigging has reached the state of “a desperate situation”.

For Chief executive of Connect Technologies, Mr. Chris Uwaje, EVS is “very critical to national security and democratic process.” Advocating a roundtable stakeholders’ forum to not only harvest support for EVS, but deliberate on the fundamental, which goes beyond electronic voting to the ability to establish national IT enabling environment for engaging the emerging information and knowledge society.

Emphasizing its impact on national security dwells on imperativeness of having a national database structure for the country.

INEC reassures
Good news, however, is that INEC has reassured of its resolve to take the bull by the horns, as the commission insisted “there is no going back on the proposal” as said by Prof. Iwu recently in Abuja, maintaining EVS remains an integral part of the 2007 general elections.

This came after the Senate had on March 1, reportedly expunged the clause specifically on Electronic Voting Machine (EVM).

Chief Press Secretary to INEC boss, Mr. Andy Ezeani, informed that although INEC is not particular about any EVM, stressed that entries were received globally; from United States, Europe, Israel, Asia and Africa, for the production and supply of the machine, including the Security and Mint, a subsidiary of Central Bank of Nigeria apart from four firms that participated in the pilot scheme.

Explaining that EVS is a system and not a machine, consist of four modules, namely electronic voters register, electronic authentication of voters card, electronic voting machine (EVM) and automatic transmission of election results.

“Unfortunately, many mistake the EVS for EVM and agitation seems to be over the voting machine,” he asserted, maintaining that no doubt, the other aspects of the EVS will be in use, as he alleged that those against EVM are those planning to rig 2007 elections.

Though with EVS, he said, there will be paper print out of votes, the result is transmitted instantly to the polling stations and the INEC headquarters with underlining idea to forestall anyone carrying ballot papers or ballot box.

Calling Information ministry
Senator (Mrs.) Daisy Danjuma in her submission on EVS, lamented that its introduction seems inappropriate due to time left for enlightenment before the 2007 election, so as to enable Nigerians understand the intrigues.

What matters now is aggressive enlightenment from every angle and mostly by Information Ministry led by Mr. Frank Nweke Jnr. This should not be left alone to INEC and redistribution of national ID cards should also commence immediately.

Time it is said waits for no man and a child begins to master the act of walking by standing and falling; thus its not out of place if Nigeria starts e-voting now or if Mr. President vetos EVS at this time; 137 years after it was first proposed in US.

111 comments:

Askinstoo said...

Very nice! I found a place where you can
make some nice extra cash secret shopping. Just go to the site below
and put in your zip to see what's available in your area.
I made over $900 last month having fun!
make extra money

Alex Warn said...

It would be best to bank of quality articles and have a plan for posting these at strategic intervals. Keto Fast

Emily Selvister said...

Visit Enhancements BlueChew now and find out what enhancement pills The question as to just how exactly male enhancement pills work is one of the most frequently asked questions in men-only forums

Emily Selvister said...

. In Grand pliggly
Junction Colorado Quality Health Network lowered their per capita Medicare spending to 24% below the national average, gaining recognition by President Obama in 2009. The Santa Cruz Health Information Exchange (SCHIE) with 600 doctors and two hospitals achieved sustainability in the first year of operation and uses a subscription fee for all the organizations who interact with them

Emily Selvister said...

This can be Kings of Kung Fu achieved through a combination of:Improving the work organization and the working environment Promoting active participation of employees in health activities Encouraging personal development

Emily Selvister said...

Why did keto charge your routine suddenly stop working, and what can you do to push through this weight loss plateau?Understanding Weight Loss Vs. Fat Loss"Weight loss" is a tricky little devil because it doesn't differentiate between changes in fat, muscle, and water.

Emily Selvister said...

Hi! I'm Alex Keto Mode Review Jones and I love helping people lose weight. You have to first figure out your true motivation as to why you want to lose weight and once you do you will have all the firepower you need to keep you motivated when the going get's tough

Emily Selvister said...

It's very Slimlinic Keto common for people to hit several plateaus on their journeys to a six pack because, well, the human body is just stubborn when it comes to shedding fat.I've found that I can't get below 9-10% body fat on diet alone (you can only reduce your calories so much, or you begin to eat up muscle)-

Emily Selvister said...

The first Green Vibe Keto stage is liposuction and is performed to remove excess fat and some glandular tissue. Over the next few months, the breast skin will retract slightly. Three to six months later, the patient will return to evaluate the situation and determine if the outcome is satisfactory. Delaying the second stage allows for significant skin retraction and if a skin tightening procedure is desired it is likely to require smaller incisions.

Emily Selvister said...

The abdominoplasty green vibe keto review will solely remove the excess skin from your stomach which is ideal for women following pregnancy. However, for those who have undergone weight loss surgery or a massive weight loss, excess skin is not limited to the stomach but also results in the buttocks and thighs.

Emily Selvister said...

Occasionally, Provitalize the skin may even breakdown, bleed and become infected. With proper documentation, many insurance companies recognize this problem and provide full coverage from surgical removal through a tummy tuck or abdominoplasty.

Emily Selvister said...

Getting Keto Infinite Accel active is an import key to weight loss. We need to get moving if we want to lose weight and keep it off. However, sometimes when you start an exercise program, you go from couch potato to exercise fanatic. You want to gradually start the exercise regime over time.

Emily Selvister said...

Exercise is SF180 Keto the key to sustainable, long lasting and real weight loss. For every pound you lose by eating right and exercising that is one more pound that will never come back to haunt you.

james said...


Connect an external computer monitor to the laptop. If the external monitor display is fine, then you have a problem with the Laptop LCD screen or the LCD cable connection. If the external monitor image is the same as on the Laptop LCD, then it is likely to be a faulty integrated onboard video, this means replacing the motherboard of the Laptop.

A typical Laptop LCD display assembly

most expensive laptop

james said...

One recent research tested 7 Keto supplement's ability to get better immune purpose in aged participants. Accordingly, the research revealed that following only four weeks, participants obtained high levels of white blood cell, could brawl of illness more rapidly, and acquired cells that increase the immune system of the body.
Ultra Keto 360

james said...


Coupole:
The differing factor of Coupole watches is that it has clock like small and medium sized dials. It helps in increasing fashionable appeal of the pieces. This collection has watches for men as women.

Coupole Gents:
best android wear smartwatches

james said...

For most people reading this article, finding an effective diet that works most of the time must seem as complicated as nuclear physics. It's not, but there are a bewildering number of choices for diets out there. High fat or no fat? High carbohydrate or no carbohydrate? Low protein or high protein? To make matters worse, there are a million variations and combinations to the above diet scenarios to add to the confusion. It seems endless and causes many people to throw up their hands in frustration and give up. In this article I will attempt to change all that.

Fast Burn Keto

james said...

If you choose a different career path, and prefer to become an employee as a Health and Wellness Coach, you may find that as with any occupation, the larger the role and responsibility, the higher your pay.
For example, if you work for a corporation as an Employee Health and Wellness Administrator (around $50,000 annually), your job will involve less responsibility than if you were a Wellness Program Manager (around $75,000 annually).

ultra keto burn

james said...

The important part of my interest is to see how users find brands on Snapchat. So I picked one of my friends asked him to tell me about brand searching over Snapchat. This is how I managed to add friends and soon built a list of friends.
I added few brands by using their username and started following them.
What's in it for Marketers
Although, Snapchat adds value to the trends of the video but they are so limited because videos disappear after sometimes. This element brings break-up of Snapchat with many B2B marketers I have observed.

Top Celebrity Snapchat

james said...

More usually than not they work between 38 - 40 hours per week. In a hospital where the hospital pharmacy needs to be open and additionally medicine and associated remedies need to be available 24 hours a day, they may be required to work day or night shifts. In a community or high street pharmacy a Pharmacy Technician will work during the times the pharmacy is open.

Fluconazole Diflucan For sale

james said...

Keto-rash is not a common side effect of the diet. Probable causes include production of acetone (a form of ketone) in the sweat that irritates the skin or nutrient deficiencies including protein or minerals. Shower immediately after exercise and make sure you eat nutrient dense whole foods.

Aegis Vitality Keto

james said...

While it is certainly possible to "cold-call" another site owner and just offer to write a guest post, you might have more success if you form a relationship first. Start small, by leaving comments on their blog posts. If they offer a newsletter subscription by email, you can occasionally reply via email as well. The goal is not necessarily to become best friends; it's to make sure that your name is familiar enough to them that your guest blog request is given more consideration than a request from a complete stranger.

brasilem5

james said...

Remember, if the site in question already has a guide for a specific way to request a guest blog post, definitely follow that instead of the preceding suggestions. Just like some companies prefer resumes and others want you to fill out an application, all websites have their own way they desire things done, and it's best to respect that.

kings of kung fu

Illeana Menon said...

Regardless of whether you're after that sexy look or a classy one, healthy lips will be an essential part of looking your best. Lip Liner Tips

james said...

Have you ever thought about taking male enhancers to liven up your sex life. Many men ask themselves, should I take male enhancement pills? There is no short answer to that question, but most men have reason to say yes.

LNG Active Male Enhancement

james said...

And then if that wasn't bad enough, as Medicare doctors begin receiving lower and lower reimbursements for Medicare Advantage people, they're going to stop taking new Medicare Advantage recipients. We're going to see the pool of doctors to support people in Medicare starting to shrink as well, unless changes are made over the course of the next five years. So Medicare is going to be affected, and it's going to be affected dramatically by health care reform. Everybody's kind of on pins and needles, waiting to see what's going to happen there.
keto body tone shark tank

james said...

Whether you are body building, weight lifting or working out with body toning exercises, always read and review the nutritional information on supplements before adding them to your workout routine. There are many different kinds of nutritional supplements which can be used for bodybuilding, weightlifting or even the general exercise enthusiast.

Keto Jolt

james said...

When it comes to purchasing any health or beauty item most of you know by now that knowledge of product is key to spending your money wisely. As you may know health, beauty, diet and nutritional products can be quite costly. Even the most seasoned shopper


Wonder Full Keto

james said...

Now you will have a base to begin. You have the real story on your health and fitness. You can begin to create a stable base for the future. What in your list is the first thing you want to create stability in? This is where you start. Creating the stable base allows us to be more

Primo Boost Keto

james said...

If you live in America, there's a 66% chance as you read this article your over-weight and a 33% likelihood to the extent described as obese (30 lbs. above ideal weight). This is the condition 90% of the 10,000 clients I have personally counseled are in. Numerous scientific studies have proven that even a balanced diet, that includes whole grains, fruits and

keto 10x

james said...

Infectious gastroenteritis - Infectious gastroenteritis is caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites. In each case, the infection is usually due to eating or drinking. Some common types of infectious gastroenteritis include campylobacter infection, Cryptosporidium infections, guildies salmonellosis syngelosis and viral gastroenteritis.

Control X Keto

james said...

You've probably heard plenty about the Atkins Diet over the years. You know, that incredibly popular and controversial diet that involves cutting right down on your carbohydrate intake. You may have also heard of "ketogenic diets" - it's a more scientific term so you may not recognise it. Did you realise that the Atkins Diet is a type of ketogenic diet? In this article we'll have a brief look at what the term means and my experience of this type of diet.

Mega Keto Diet

Kate Beckinsale said...

Prache Cream If you want your skin to reveal all its beauty, be radiant and healthy you must follow few basic steps. First of all you must understand that skin beauty is deeply connected with your diet. Thus, if you are eating unhealthy, fatty food your skin will look unhealthy too and will develop anesthetic and possibly dangerous conditions. For this reason you must radically change your diet and eat only healthy and organic food. Your skin will be healthier and will look better. Also, if you are suffering from acne or any similar skin condition you will see how it gets healed.

Unknown said...

Gentiv Ultra functions. Zinc is also a crucial component of sperm production. Do they have to be raw? The answer is yes, well almost always yes. The process of cooking the oysters releases many of its beneficial properties. However, oyster soup

Emily jobs said...

A blog which is itself not getting much traffic will not be able to generate any traffic for your site. Dats Great

Endy Mist said...

Platinum Fit Keto Whether it's friends, family or an online group, make sure you have people to support and encourage you - especially on those bad days. There are thousands of people in online groups who share their experiences with different diets and weight loss programs, have been through the same difficulties you may be facing, and many who have succeeded. Read their stories, chat to them, and learn from their mistakes.

Unknown said...

Keto Slim RX Either their diet was so radical it is impossible to continue in real life, or the weight loss program failed to explain how the dietary changes made to lose weight can be adapted to maintain your

Endy Mist said...

Orviax Garlic cloves, enriched with anti-bacterial property are found to be very effective to lessen the cortisol level in body. Hence feel free to include garlic extract in food items you prepare and eat. Asparagus, a common herbal ingredient in products is one among the best cures for treating testosterone deficiency.

Kally RTose said...

Amayze Life Keto The second issue that triggers oral cravings and appetite is the fact that eating food provides temporary relaxation and pleasure. This started while you were still an infant. When you felt hunger pangs, you'd get fussy and cry. Your mother would then stick a bottle filled with baby formula into your mouth. You quickly lost the hunger pains, and you also immediately felt great pleasure You soon relaxed and fell asleep.

Natalie Portman said...

Himbeer Ketone physical activity must be included in a healthy lifestyle. Not only does it help you lose weight, but it will help you maintain the weight loss. Of course, the health benefits are a big factor - even if you'

Illeana Menon said...

When ripping Blu-ray Disc to Hard drive or Media Server with Pavtube Copy Blu ray Movies to Hard drive, you may find that there are too many video and audio formats to choose from, although the customized formats are divided into groups (iPod, iPhone, Android, Apple TV, Xbox, PS3, HD Video etc). Student of the year 2 download

Illeana Menon said...

The most often asked question is, how do I copy Blu ray movies to hard drive with no loss of quality to either video or audio? Well, in that case you could try "Directly Copy" option, since it is free of endecoding process, during which quality loss is unavoidable. Student of the year 2 download

Unknown said...

Ultra Fast Keto Boost
Before you even look at a diet plan or exercise schedule, look at why you want to lose weight. If you want to improve your health, look and feel better - great! If you want to be able to play with your kids more, that's super. Trying

Kate Beckinsale said...

Orviax Male Enhancement You do not need to take costly replacement therapy testosteroneFree Articles, you can install it as nature intended in the foods you eat and get not only a boost sexual health testosterone but in the whole & well-being.

Kate Winslet said...

Nuvo Ketosis Diet When choosing a weight loss program it is important that you choose one that is right for you. The most important factor to consider is your health, so don't be choosing a plan that has outrageous claims and could possible be of exercise, but to make occur.

Unknown said...

Keto Pharm Third, it is important to make sure that you have a good support system and work with someone with a great deal of expertise in fitness and nutrition. Working with a personal trainer (and not just any trainer, but a Certified Personal Trainer with credentials, experience and references) can make all the difference in whether or not you will be successful with weight loss.

Unknown said...

Pharma Flex RX In order for your horse to remain healthy and injury free, his joints must be kept in top condition.

Endy Mist said...

Yeah Keto the human body has adapted to using fat for food storage to allow survival through times of famine or starvation. If it was unhealthy, the system wouldn't exist as it came to be through evolution

Unknown said...

Revolyn Keto Burn The level of carbs one can consume and remain in ketosis may also change over time depending on keto adaptation, weight loss, exercise habits, medications, etc. Therefore, one should measure his/her ketone levels on a routine basis.

Kally RTose said...

Pro Vita Keto Smiti Munwani has been writing for a very long time. She is a journalist, book author, content writer and dietitian. She has had two books publishedthe books (she has the copyright) or requires any articles. She has written extensively for the print media and done web content writing.

Endy Mist said...

Keto Plus Pro How does a keto diet help many with Type 2 diabetes? In 2016, the Journal of Obesity and Eating Disorders published a review suggesting a keto diet may help people with diabetes by improving their A1c test results, more than a calorie diet.

Unknown said...

Super Fast Keto Boost Marketers are onto the fact the ketogenic diet appears not to be going where they wanted it to and are starting to make "ready to go" keto friendly snacks. Should you indulge?

Unknown said...

Trubodx Keto Mexican and Chinese restaurants are the favorite General Tso's. How about the salad bar choices? eggs? the insides of eggrolls, andfood.

Lendirab said...

Ultra Fast Keto Boost vI highly recommend the "Keto Cookbook" because in the world of the Ketogenic diet, it would be hard to match the combined knowledge and experience of the authors, who have written precisely and professionally, but from a base of heartache and love.

Judi Dench said...

Keto Extreme While living the clean keto diet, remember to stay well hydrated. Many people do not realize that water helps all of the daily functions including digestion and organ production.

Kally RTose said...

Bionatrol Keto increase heat production using fat as the primary source of energy. Naturally, this resulted in the reduction

Unknown said...

Ultra Fast Pure Keto The KETO COOKBOOK is a MUST HAVE - an ABSOLUTE MUST HAVE - for all families, carers and associated professionals who need a thorough understanding of the Ketogenic Diet and it's application for helping reduce seizures in children with epilepsy, and some other neurological conditions.

Judi Dench said...

Ketogenic Valley Keto Eat fresh, organic vegetables. Try to regularly eat a variety of colored vegetables high in fiber. The more you do this, the better and more flavorful they will taste. Before long, your body will actually crave them for every meal.

Kate Winslet said...

Eminence Vitality Keto When the 7-Keto supplement is taken by oral means, or applied to the skin, the hormone levels in your blood will not increase. This is what .

Judi Dench said...

Rapid Fast Keto Boost Jimmy John's - The unwich - a sandwich wrapped in lettuce - fits the bill here. Meats are fine, just make sure the ingredients are not carb-rich.

Unknown said...

Bandox Extreme how great they perform in bed and how well they please their women. They look around for artificial and natural male enhancements to take care of their dilemma. It doesn't take a genius to

Kate Winslet said...

Zylophin RX Male enhancement pills are in the category of what are considered 'controversial' products. One of the biggest controversies, of course, is with regard to whether they work or not, in the first place. In this regard the mainstream medical sexual organ after the teenage years (when a good combination of male sex hormones like money.

Judi Dench said...

Iron Slim Keto Carl's Junior and Hardees - This chain offers "lettuce wraps" - your burger wrapped in a large piece of lettuce for easy low carb eating. (As I've said, I tried it and don't love it. I like to carry my own fork instead.) Bunless options - Six dollar burger (7g), 1/2 thick-burger (5g), charbroiled chicken club sandwich (7g/10g at Hardees).

Helen Mirren said...

Best Rechargeable Bark Collars is hassle-free and very easy to use. The collar is ultra-compact and it does not hinder the dogs

Kate Beckinsale said...

Bioinvitagen spend, the most popular choice is male enhancement surgery. Different techniques are involved in male enhancement surgery to increase the size of the penis. The surgery starts in cutting the ligaments

Kate Winslet said...

Balanced Max Keto In order to make it easier to find a quick keto-friendly option, I've compiled a list of several restaurants and fast food places and those items that I've found to be the lowest carb (and most emotionally satisfying) choices. These are not all perfect options, but when you're stuck with no other choices due to time or location constraints, they'll do in a pinch.

Enduro Stack Testo Boost said...

Best Portable Monitors The parents should search for those baby monitoring gadgets that come with basic functions and features at affordable price. The latest or operate compared to some complex systems.

Judi Dench said...

KetoPower Boost Slowly and carefully. A keotgenic diet should not be started at a full 100 percent. You should slowly decrease the amount of carbs you consume. Cutting the carbs too quickly can actually have a negative effect. It can stress the body and confuse it, thus causing a wild imbalance.

Kally RTose said...

Velofel Male Enhancement One study, the Kinsey Report, is a constantly updated and rigorously researched report that contains information on the average 3.7 inches in circumference. This report also shows that the average black male penis size is 6.3 on average the penis size worldwide is about 6 inches.

Endy Mist said...

KSZ Male Enhancement Male enhancement treatments are popular because of the large number of men who are suffering from erectile dysfunction. Men can have different choices of treatments but it is important to have knowledge on safety of male enhancements.

Kate Winslet said...

Andezal Male Enhancement is when a man cannot get an erection during sexual interaction, thereby making them ineffective sexual partners. A

Keira knightley said...

Best Fiber Optic Christmas Trees most popular trees available today. Their major benefit is that the owner no longer needs to buy strands of lights, nor spend time arranging them on the tree. Pre-lit trees therefore save not only time

Judi Dench said...

Insta keto reviews Gone is the myth that this diet is unappetizing, unpalatable, boring and unappealing ! Beautifully illustrated recipes for 96 different delicious meals and snacks are testimony to this. All recipes:

Judi Dench said...

Centallus rx male enhancement If you are looking for natural male . These male enhancement exercises can be manually performed or may need certain devices including penis extenders. You can be sure that penis enlargement exercises are safe and can improve the size of your penis in about three to six months time.

Helen Mirren said...

Best Rechargeable Bark Control Collars How will he know to bark when intruders are around when he has a collar training him not to bark

Natalie Portman said...

Keto burning reviews meats: eat fatty meats but avoid excessive amounts. High amounts of protein plus low carbohydrates can lead to the liver converting protein into glucose, thus causing the person to come out of ketosis.

Kate Beckinsale said...

Instant Keto A Keto Diet has a detoxifying process when consumed properly. If you add toxins through the foods, you are not helping your liver, or your health.Eat fresh, organic vegetables. Try to regularly eat a variety of colored vegetables high in fiber. The more you do this, the better and more flavorful they will taste. Before long, your body will actually crave them for every meal.


https://supplementgear.com/instant-keto/
https://www.facebook.com/pg/Instantketo01

Helen Mirren said...

Best GPS Pet Trackers these tracking devices are now available in different forms and sizes, even ones that are almost undetectable by the bearer. Here are a few situations were GPS locators are of considerable help.

Kate Winslet said...

Velocity Trim Keto The one major false belief is that women taking a supplement such and 7 Keto or DHEA may in turn result in masculine features. At the right dosage there is absolutely no chance of any testosterone being produced by it. This way, there is no chance of any masculine features developing as a result of taking this healthy supplement, like growing facial hair.

Endy Mist said...

Instant Keto As far as fat products, choose healthy sources. These may be organic flaxseed, olive oil, avocados, or coconut oil. Many of these are considered non-inflammatory foods. Inflammatory foods would be those such as dairy products or some of the nightshade vegetables.



https://pillsa.com/instant-keto/
https://www.reddit.com/user/GwenPierce/comments/dxzz4w/instant_keto_is_a_natural_diet/
https://healthsupreviews.lighthouseapp.com/projects/139606-all-supplements-reviews-must-read/tickets/5352-instant-keto-is-a-natural-diet
http://www.cappyzeb.freeyellow.com/01/gen/gen/index.php/forum/suggestion-box/153638-instant-keto-is-a-powerfull-diet#153781
https://theprose.com/post/312500/instant-keto-is-a-powerfull-diet
https://www.facebook.com/instantketoreviews1/?_rdc=1&_rdr

Unknown said...

Keto Pro Avis The Keto Diet has become quite a popular topic in the fitness community. It has been found to aid in the loss of weight and lowering the inflammation in the gut. New research has shown positive effects for both men and women adhering to a keto style diet.

Best Gadgets Every Dog Owner Needs said...

Best Dog Gates When you want to set boundaries and restrict your pet to safe places inside your home selecting the best indoor dog gate is a must. Many dog lovers allow their pets to live indoors with them and this is one of the best ways to safely contain your pet.

Judi Dench said...

Activate keto The Keto Diet Plan. Ketogenic diets are stringent, but if adhered to correctly they can provide a nourishing and healthful nutrition routine. It is about staying away from carbohydrate foods likely to spike blood sugar levels.People with Type 2 diabetes are often advised to focus on this diet plan as it consists of a mix of low carbohydrate foods, high-fat content, and moderate protein. It is also important because it avoids high-processed foods and indulges in lightly processed and healthy foods.

Judi Dench said...

Verocity Male Enhancement Experts say that the size of the penis has nothing to do with the pleasure a man gives to a woman. Women's sexual satisfaction is in the matter of technique and performance. According surveys and studies, women prefer performance than size. However, men are still in trouble and feel insecure with having small-sized penis. It is a fact that men with large penis are more confident and secure.

Endy Mist said...

KSX Male Enhancement Some products have better results compared to others and it is up to your decision on what male enhancement treatment you think is convenient and effective to use. Manufacturers of these male enhancement products are always trying to find the best solution to this men's dilemma. Nowadays, with the technological and science advancement, there will always be improved and new male enhancement treatments to benefit everyone. Among other factors concerning these treatments, knowing the safety of male enhancements is the most important.

Judi Dench said...

Alpha Femme Keto Genix This brings me to our topic of a clean vs a dirty keto diet. Since this type of diet is limited in carbohydrates, a normal staple might be seafood, meat, and low-carb vegetables. This doesn't mean it is fine to eat a fast food burger or other commercially raised meat. If you are only just cutting your carb intake, you are living a "dirty" keto diet. The vegetables, meat, seafood, etc... , should be organic and non GMO.

Unknown said...

Renegade Keto Compare this to a non-traditional keto snack such as an apple at a 100 calories, and which do you think is better for your weight loss plan? You could even add some peanut butter to the apple to help better balance it out and you would still be under 200 calories, way less than the calories in the keto snack.

Kate Winslet said...

Slimgen Keto As far as fat products, choose healthy sources. These may be organic flaxseed, olive oil, avocados, or coconut oil. Many of these are considered non-inflammatory foods. Inflammatory foods would be those such as dairy products or some of the nightshade vegetables.

Blog said...

Renegade Keto Blessings of the product
Boosts your confidence: It enhances your confidence as it will increase your intellectual readability.
Reduces starvation pangs: you can lessen the quantity of carbohydrates on your frame by controlling the urge for food for meals. By using this way, you reduce the load.
Reduces your strain stage: This product will boom the manufacturing of serotonin and additionally controls the level of cortisol hormones to your body that controls the stress and you'll be free from tension.

https://www.completefoods.co/diy/recipes/renegade-keto-scam-check-pills-reviews-price-benefits-before-buy

Judi Dench said...

DX Keto The one major false belief is that women taking a supplement such and 7 Keto or DHEA may in turn result in masculine features. At the right dosage there is absolutely no chance of any testosterone being produced by it. This way, there is no chance of any masculine features developing as a result of taking this healthy supplement, like growing facial hair.

Kate Winslet said...

Black label x effectiveness of male enhancement in stores especially for those who are used to taking prescription drugs. Since they also do not have any prescription requirements, the question on side effects may not also be satisfactorily addressed in the views of certain individuals. However, male enhancement in stores may be a safer alternative than taking male enhancement drugs and may actually have lesser

Unknown said...

Anatomy Keto This is what is actually happening. A great percentage of the weight lost during the early phase of virtually any weight loss program is mostly due to water loss from body tissues because water forms part of every single cell in the human body. In fact, fat-free mass is 70-75% water, and body fat is just about 10-40% water.

Judi Dench said...

Pure Keto Cleanse Nothing swings weight up or down as easily as water retention, for example. If you eat a lot of sodium and carbs, and drink little water, you will retain quite a bit of water, giving you that puffy, smooth look. This can easily add 3-5 pounds in a day, which can be quite disturbing if you happen to hit the scale in this state. On the flip side, you eat little sodium and carbs and drink plenty of water, your body will flush water out, giving you a harder, more defined look, which might lead you to think that it was a great day of fat loss.

Kate Winslet said...

Superior Flux Male Enhancement Many male enhancement pills include ingredients that are a carefully selected combination of the right amount of rare tropical herbs, usually 4-7 herbs, processed through a secret extraction process that produces the incredible results of these products with consistency, so you can always rely on that same amazing effect on your penis, time and time again! Male enhancement products will never leave you hanging, no pun intended!

Unknown said...

CBD Miracle Pain Patch I started using the Fentanyl Patch about 2 years ago for chronic fibromyalgia pain. When I first started them I read the common side effects on the paper the Pharmacy put in the bag. About six months ago when I went to pick up my prescription, The Pharmacist alerted me to the fact that I should never use a heating pad, electric blanket or use a heated water bed, due to the fact that it will cause the fentanyl medicine to absorb to fast into my blood stream and could cause a overdose or death. Thank God I had never done any of those things.

Best Gadgets Every Dog Owner Needs said...

Best Canned Dog Foods The nutrients needed by your dog cannot be supplied by just any commercial food available and if your dog is deprived of the needed nutrients, he will eventually become sick and weak. Aside from lack of nutrients the preservatives in commercial dog food can destroy your dog's health. Be cautions and learn to read commercial dog food labels. Best quality dog food can only be obtained from a well-balanced dog food recipes made at home.It will surprise you that preparing home made dog food is a lot cheaper and rich in nutrients. If you love your dog you should make time to prepare his food and make sure it is healthy. Of course to help you prepare the best quality dog food, you need to understand the nutritional needs of your dog.

Judi Dench said...

Vibrant Enhanced Keto Weight Loss Truth: Sir Isaac Newton once said " What goes up must come down." There are natural principles that govern our lives. If you throw a ball up in the air, it is going to come back down. You can sit on your couch and imagine and visualize that the ball will staying afloat in the air, but natural principles teach us that it will come down. Same goes when it comes to our weight.

Enduro Stack Testo Boost said...

Best Women Crossfit Shoes This shoe is manufactured in Europe of high quality materials. Consumers who have purchased it rave about the fit and comfort that the shoe provides. It's also designed to last a long time so you'll get return on your investment.

Judi Dench said...

ACV Plus Weight Loss Truth: Sir Isaac Newton once said " What goes up must come down." There are natural principles that govern our lives. If you throw a ball up in the air, it is going to come back down. You can sit on your couch and imagine and visualize that the ball will staying afloat in the air, but natural principles teach us that it will come down. Same goes when it comes to our weight.

Kate Winslet said...

Biovirexagen Many male enhancement pills include ingredients that are a carefully selected combination of the right amount of rare tropical herbs, usually 4-7 herbs, processed through a secret extraction process that produces the incredible results of these products with consistency, so you can always rely on that same amazing effect on your penis, time and time again! Male enhancement products will never leave you hanging, no pun intended!

Best Gadgets Every Dog Owner Needs said...

Best Christmas gift for pets vSLEEP WEAR. Your loved one will appreciate a cozy pair of pajamas or a robe. Choose sleep wear that is easy to put on and take off. If your loved one is in Assisted Living or a nursing home print his or her name on the garment with permanent marker so it does not get lost in the laundry.

Kate Winslet said...

Massive Male Plus Many male enhancement pills include ingredients that are a carefully selected combination of the right amount of rare tropical herbs, usually 4-7 herbs, processed through a secret extraction process that produces the incredible results of these products with consistency, so you can always rely on that same amazing effect on your penis, time and time again! Male enhancement products will never leave you hanging, no pun intended!

Kate Winslet said...

Ketophin BHB There are many common weight loss myths that people live by when it comes to their health. It is difficult at times to separate the weight loss myths and fact from what is true. Many sound true while others are just laughable. I once read somewhere that if you drink water at night that you are going to gain weight or that if you scratch your head too often you are going to lose your hair....

Unknown said...

Keto Crush Weight Loss Truth: Sir Isaac Newton once said " What goes up must come down." There are natural principles that govern our lives. If you throw a ball up in the air, it is going to come back down. You can sit on your couch and imagine and visualize that the ball will staying afloat in the air, but natural principles teach us that it will come down. Same goes when it comes to our weight.

Blog said...

Keto BodyTone :
• It triggers herbal weight loss by means of inducing ketosis within the body.
• It increases the metabolic price of the frame.
• It complements digestion to dispose of dangerous antigens along with ate up fat without problems.
• It prevents excess fats accumulation.
• It positively regulates mood patterns via preserving the body energized and lively.
• It helps to control the urge for food in order that overeating may be avoided which in addition https://cutt.ly/3ribekB
https://tinyurl.com/yzcgpses
https://is.gd/wMm6Cy

Blog said...

How should you're taking Biogenix RX?
One capsule of Biogenix RX ought to be taken two times day by day, once inside the morning with meals and water and one once more at night earlier than going to mattress. It is also endorsed that the person will increase the intake of herbal foods over processed meals whilst taking this product.
https://biogenixrxbenefits.blogspot.com/2019/12/biogenix-rx-male-pills-benefits-side.html
https://medium.com/@jockeyfigher/biogenix-rx-male-enhancement-side-effects-price-and-ingredients-8cea20d8df7c
https://www.scoop.it/topic/biogenix-rx-by-biogenix-rx/p/4113932178/2019/12/30/biogenix-rx-male-enhancement-reviews-is-it-safe-to-use

Blog said...

Alpha Thunder Testo This supplement restores the extent of boom hormone in frame to help you revel in faster muscle pumping and masculine development.This formulation boosts the production of testosterone which allows in muscle building and heightening the endurance and stamina for top overall performance on bed. It stimulates the flow of blood across frame which widens the vessels and increases the deliver of oxygen and critical nutrients. This supports you to experience quicker boom outcomes and stay energetic all day lengthy.
https://biznutrition.com/alpha-thunder-testo/

Blog said...

Always Lean KetoMake you experience extra energized;
Whilst following any food plan you could feel lazy and worn-out, however here in ketosis, your body burns fats for power. And this electricity is sufficient to preserve your frame all day energized.
Allows in mental functioning;
The use of Always Lean Keto together with your keto weight-reduction plan additionally allows to improve your brain functioning. It helps to increase the serotonin hormone into your frame and this can preserve you pressure-loose.

Blog said...

The key components protected in Nature Crave Keto !
BHB Ketone – that is the obviously happening ketone that brings your frame to the kingdom of ketosis. It turns on the ketogenic manner to burn off the carbohydrate certainly and convert them into doable energy to make you lively. It additionally prevents further absorption of carbohydrate out of your weight-reduction plan which helps you in losing healthful weight
Garlic Extract – This aspect is included to beautify flavour and to growth metabolism of your frame. It also suppresses the unwanted starvation pangs and urge for food levels to save you you from overeating. This manner it helps you in addition to lose wholesome and faster weight.
Stevia – this is the component that complements your basic mood and reduces anxiety and pressure. It minimizes the emotional consuming addiction and permits you to lose quicker weight with the aid of preventing you from overeating.

hassan said...

Customer Helpline Australia continuation insurance after leaving employment with a corporation that offers medical health insurance insurance. 3) qualified long-term care coverage. Four) Medicare premiums and out-of-pocket fees, including deductibles, co-can pay, and coinsurance for: element A (sanatorium and inpatient offerings), part B (doctor and outpatient services), element C (Medicare HMO and PPO plans) and part D (prescribed drugs). However, if an individual dies, becomes disabled or reaches the age of sixty five, then withdrawals from the fitness savings Account are considered exempted from earnings tax and further 10 percentage penalty regardless of the cause for which the ones withdrawals are made. There are distinct strategies
https://customerhelplineaustralia.com/

mEHREEn said...

●▬▬▬▬PART TIME JOBS▬▬▬▬▬●
My last month’s online earnings was Home online work
$16953 just by doing very easy and simple job online from home. I am a full time student and doing this online work for 2 to 3 hrs daily online. Awesome job and earning from this are just amazing. Get this today and start making money by follow details here……
=HERE► http://xurl.es/mlowd